Sustainability 2010, 2(7), 1943-1968; doi:10.3390/su2071943
Review

Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review

Received: 15 May 2010; in revised form: 1 June 2010 / Accepted: 28 June 2010 / Published: 2 July 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This study reviews the characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) ashes, with a main focus on the chemical properties of the ashes. Furthermore, the possible treatment methods for the utilization of ash, namely, separation processes, solidification/stabilization and thermal processes, are also discussed. Seven types of MSWI ash utilization are reviewed, namely, cement and concrete production, road pavement, glasses and ceramics, agriculture, stabilizing agent, adsorbents and zeolite production. The practical use of MSWI ash shows a great contribution to waste minimization as well as resources conservation.
Keywords: municipal solid waste; fly ash; incineration; waste management; waste utilization; hazardous waste
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lam, C.H.K.; Ip, A.W.M.; Barford, J.P.; McKay, G. Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review. Sustainability 2010, 2, 1943-1968.

AMA Style

Lam CHK, Ip AWM, Barford JP, McKay G. Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review. Sustainability. 2010; 2(7):1943-1968.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lam, Charles H. K.; Ip, Alvin W. M.; Barford, John Patrick; McKay, Gordon. 2010. "Use of Incineration MSW Ash: A Review." Sustainability 2, no. 7: 1943-1968.

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