Next Article in Journal
An Assessment Tool to Integrate Sustainability Principles into the Global Supply Chain
Next Article in Special Issue
Detection and Quantification of Genetically Modified Soybean in Some Food and Feed Products. A Case Study on Products Available on Romanian Market
Previous Article in Journal
A Hybrid Approach to Explore the Risk Dependency Structure among Agribusiness Firms
Previous Article in Special Issue
Setting the Scene for a Healthier Indoor Living Environment: Citizens’ Knowledge, Awareness, and Habits Related to Residential Radon Exposure in Romania
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 534; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020534

Milk Protein Polymorphism Characterization: a Modern Tool for Sustainable Conservation of Endangered Romanian Cattle Breeds in the Context of Traditional Breeding

1
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Iaşi, 3 Aleea Mihail Sadoveanu, 700490 Iași, Romania
2
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, 3–5 Calea Mănăștur Street, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3
Doctoral School of Engineering, University of Oradea, 1 Universităţii Street, 410087 Oradea, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 10 February 2018 / Accepted: 11 February 2018 / Published: 16 February 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [947 KB, uploaded 23 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

The paper aims to review literature data with respect to Romanian native cattle breeds which are considered at risk of extinction. In the last decades, the number of individuals of Romanian indigenous cows decreased significantly, as a consequence of the intensification and specialization of animal productions and agriculture modernization. Some of the native cattle breeds are already lost, due to their crossing with improved breeds. However, after the accession of Romania to the European Union, various preservation programs were initiated, and most of them included biochemical research and studies of molecular or quantitative genetics. All these, associated with the application of reproduction biotechnologies, give a chance to these animals, which are extremely valuable in terms of their genetic resistance to diseases and environmental factors. The reviewed literature on Romanian indigenous endangered cattle breeds confirms that these animals are carriers of a valuable gene pool, which can be kept and bred while applying different reproductive biotechnologies. Consequently, this paper raises awareness on two issues: the decrease of genetic diversity in two Romanian native cow breeds threatened with extinction (Grey Steppe and Romanian Pinzgauer); and the benefits of genetic diversity of the two breeds. View Full-Text
Keywords: indigenous cattle; endangered breeds; genetic resistance; sustainable conservation indigenous cattle; endangered breeds; genetic resistance; sustainable conservation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Grădinaru, A.C.; Petrescu-Mag, I.V.; Oroian, F.C.; Balint, C.; Oltean, I. Milk Protein Polymorphism Characterization: a Modern Tool for Sustainable Conservation of Endangered Romanian Cattle Breeds in the Context of Traditional Breeding. Sustainability 2018, 10, 534.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top