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Sustainability 2017, 9(11), 2081; doi:10.3390/su9112081

Setting the Scene for a Healthier Indoor Living Environment: Citizens’ Knowledge, Awareness, and Habits Related to Residential Radon Exposure in Romania

1
Faculty of Business, Babe¸s-Bolyai University, Horea St. no 7, 400174 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
2
Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Babe¸s-Bolyai University; Fantanele St. no 30, 400294 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 August 2017 / Revised: 21 September 2017 / Accepted: 10 November 2017 / Published: 13 November 2017
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Abstract

The present research is based on the premise that people perceive radiation risks in different ways, depending on their cultural background, information exposure, economic level, and educational status, which are specific to each country. The main objective was to assess and report, for the first time, the Romanians’ attitude (perceptions, knowledge, and behaviors) related to residential radon, in order to contribute to the creation of a healthier living environment. A convenience sample of 229 people from different parts of Romania, including radon prone areas, was used. Results profiled a population vulnerable to radon threats from the perspective of their awareness and perceptions. Thus, study results showed that most participants did not perceive the risk generated by radon exposure as significant to their health; only 13.1% of interviewed people considered the danger to their health as “high” or “very high”. Additionally, it was found that awareness of radon itself was low: 62.4% of the sample did not know what radon was. From a practical perspective, the study shows that in Romania, increasing awareness, through the provision of valid information, should be a major objective of strategies that aim to reduce radon exposure. The present study takes a bottom-up perspective by assessing Romanian citizens’ attitudes toward radon. Therefore, it compensates for a gap in the behavioral studies literature by providing practical support for radon risk mitigation and creating the premises for a healthier living environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk perception; awareness; attitude assessment; radon exposure; legislation; environment risk perception; awareness; attitude assessment; radon exposure; legislation; environment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Petrescu, D.C.; Petrescu-Mag, R.M. Setting the Scene for a Healthier Indoor Living Environment: Citizens’ Knowledge, Awareness, and Habits Related to Residential Radon Exposure in Romania. Sustainability 2017, 9, 2081.

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