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Sustainability 2018, 10(2), 397; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10020397

How to Achieve Supply Chain Sustainability Efficiently? Taming the Triple Bottom Line Split Business Cycle

1
Institute for Logistics and Service Management (ILD), FOM University of Applied Sciences, 45141 Essen, Germany
2
Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS), European University Institute, 50014 Florence, Italy
3
Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics (IML), 44227 Dortmund, Germany
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 27 January 2018 / Accepted: 29 January 2018 / Published: 3 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Supply Chains)
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Abstract

For sustainable supply chains, specific concepts regarding how to efficiently improve sustainability are needed in a global comprehensive triple bottom line (TBL) approach, especially for forwarders as central actors in supply chain design. Such specific advice is provided by reporting empirical DEA Malmquist index findings from seven large European forwarders regarding a TBL sustainability analysis from 2006 to 2016. A major obstacle in improving sustainability consists in the newly discovered fact that with the business cycle, the three TBL areas of economic, ecologic and social objectives for logistics are undergoing different up- and down-ward trends, making it very hard to improve all three simultaneously. Additional factors are identified in the characteristics of size and government influence regarding the sustainability efficiency of forwarders. This has important impacts on supply chain design like e.g., with selection criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: supply chain sustainability; triple bottom line; efficiency analysis; efficiency factors; business cycle; forwarders supply chain sustainability; triple bottom line; efficiency analysis; efficiency factors; business cycle; forwarders
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Klumpp, M. How to Achieve Supply Chain Sustainability Efficiently? Taming the Triple Bottom Line Split Business Cycle. Sustainability 2018, 10, 397.

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