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Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 223; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010223

Environmental Regulation, Green Innovation, and Industrial Green Development: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Spatial Durbin Model

1
School of Economic and Management, Dongguan University of Technology, Dongguan 523808, China
2
School of Economics and Management, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 December 2017 / Revised: 14 January 2018 / Accepted: 15 January 2018 / Published: 16 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Transition from China-Made to China-Innovation )
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Abstract

Environmental regulation and green innovation are two main fulcrums in the realization of green transition of industrial growth. However, few studies have done an empirical analysis of the impact of environmental regulation and green innovation on green development. Based on the theory of systematic interduality, regional industrial green development is regarded as a dynamic system composed of two subsystems: the state and the process subsystem. Using provincial industrial panel data from 2007–2015 and the spatial Durbin model under the unified analysis framework, this paper examines the role and mechanism of environmental regulation (divided into administrative environmental regulation, market-based environmental regulation, and public participation environmental regulation) in the impact of green innovation (divided into green product innovation and green craft innovation) on industrial green development. The results indicate a sharp fluctuating trend in China’s overall industrial green development performance, and that China’s 30 provinces can be divided into four categories, based on the development levels of two subsystems of industrial green development. There is a clear positive spatial correlation between the industrial green development performance in different provinces. Considering the impact of environmental regulation on industrial green development performance, different types of environmental regulation have different regional influences. Considering the impact of green innovation on industrial green development performance, in the absence of environmental regulation constraints, green product innovation shows a certain promotional role, and green craft innovation has a significant inhibitory effect. However, under environmental regulation constraints, market-based environmental regulation through the encouragement of green craft innovation rather than green product innovation achieves a positive impact on industrial green development. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental regulation; green innovation; green development; theory of systematics interduality; spatial Durbin model environmental regulation; green innovation; green development; theory of systematics interduality; spatial Durbin model
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Feng, Z.; Chen, W. Environmental Regulation, Green Innovation, and Industrial Green Development: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Spatial Durbin Model. Sustainability 2018, 10, 223.

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