Next Article in Journal
Assessment of Soil Organic Carbon Storage in Vegetable Farms Using Different Farming Practices in the Kanto Region of Japan
Previous Article in Journal
Owning or Outsourcing? Strategic Choice on Take-Back Operations for Third-Party Remanufacturing
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effects of Residential Area Building Layout on Outdoor Wind Environment at the Pedestrian Level in Severe Cold Regions of China
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sustainability 2018, 10(1), 141; doi:10.3390/su10010141

Designing Resilience of the Built Environment to Extreme Weather Events

School of Creative Arts, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
Received: 13 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [20480 KB, uploaded 9 January 2018]   |  

Abstract

Built environment comprises of a multitude of complex networks of buildings and processes in and between buildings. The paper looks at resilience design on three different levels: the building, the site, and the region. The building resilience design is studied using multi-objective optimization of a recently completed Passivhaus retrofit, under four different climate years: current, 2030, 2050, and 2080. The site resilience design is studied on the basis of a balance between incoming solar radiation and evaporative cooling from transpiration of plants to mitigate heat island effect. The regional resilience design is studied using a network model, taking into account connectivity, information capacity, and the ability to reconfigure. A common denominator found between these three aspects is a degree of system redundancy. Thus, a provision for adaptable building thermal insulation, a provision for adaptable green areas, and a provision for adaptable connectivity are the ingredients for resilient designs on these three respective levels. The findings increase our understanding of practical issues and implications for the resilience design of the built environment under extreme weather events. A combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches discussed in the paper provides practical guidance for designers and policy makers. View Full-Text
Keywords: building resilience; site resilience; regional resilience; Passivhaus retrofit; multi-objective optimization; solar radiation; transpiration; heat island; connectivity; complexity building resilience; site resilience; regional resilience; Passivhaus retrofit; multi-objective optimization; solar radiation; transpiration; heat island; connectivity; complexity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jankovic, L. Designing Resilience of the Built Environment to Extreme Weather Events. Sustainability 2018, 10, 141.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sustainability EISSN 2071-1050 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top