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Sustainability 2009, 1(3), 441-463; doi:10.3390/su1030441
Article

Linkage-Based Frameworks for Sustainability Assessment: Making a Case for Driving Force-Pressure-State-Exposure-Effect-Action (DPSEEA) Frameworks

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Received: 18 June 2009; Accepted: 5 August 2009 / Published: 10 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Forum for Sustainable Development)
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Abstract: The main objective of this paper is to discuss different approaches, identify challenges, and to select a framework for delivering effective sustainability assessments. Sustainable development is an idealistic concept and its assessment has always been a challenge. Several approaches, methodologies and conceptual frameworks have been developed in various disciplines, ranging from engineering to business and to policy making. The paper focuses mainly on various linkage-based frameworks and demonstrates that the driving force-state-exposure-effect-action (DPSEEA) framework can be used to achieve sustained health benefits and environmental protection in accordance with the principles of sustainable development, especially because of its resemblance to the environmental risk assessment and management paradigms. The comparison of linkage-based frameworks is demonstrated through an example of sustainability in a higher educational institution.
Keywords: sustainability; life-cycle analysis; multi-criteria decision-making; indices; linkage-based framework; DPSEEA sustainability; life-cycle analysis; multi-criteria decision-making; indices; linkage-based framework; DPSEEA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Waheed, B.; Khan, F.; Veitch, B. Linkage-Based Frameworks for Sustainability Assessment: Making a Case for Driving Force-Pressure-State-Exposure-Effect-Action (DPSEEA) Frameworks. Sustainability 2009, 1, 441-463.

AMA Style

Waheed B, Khan F, Veitch B. Linkage-Based Frameworks for Sustainability Assessment: Making a Case for Driving Force-Pressure-State-Exposure-Effect-Action (DPSEEA) Frameworks. Sustainability. 2009; 1(3):441-463.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Waheed, Bushra; Khan, Faisal; Veitch, Brian. 2009. "Linkage-Based Frameworks for Sustainability Assessment: Making a Case for Driving Force-Pressure-State-Exposure-Effect-Action (DPSEEA) Frameworks." Sustainability 1, no. 3: 441-463.


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