Next Article in Journal
Software-Defined Networking Using OpenFlow: Protocols, Applications and Architectural Design Choices
Previous Article in Journal
Exploiting Multimedia in Creating and Analysing Multimedia Web Archives
Previous Article in Special Issue
Information Integration Platform for Patient-Centric Healthcare Services: Design, Prototype and Dependability Aspects
Future Internet 2014, 6(2), 261-301; doi:10.3390/fi6020261

Towards Horizontal Architecture for Autonomic M2M Service Networks

1,* , 2
1 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Kaitoväylä 1, Oulu, Finland 2 LAAS-CNRS, 7 Av, C. Roche, 31077 Cedex 04, Toulouse, France 3 Gemalto, 6 rue de la Verrerie, Meudon 92197, France 4 Bull SAS, 207 Cours du Medoc, Bordeaux 33000, France 5 Thales Communications & Security S.A., 160 Boulevard de Valmy, BP 82. 92704, Colomber, France 6 Atos Origin, Diagonal 200, 08018, Barcelona, Spain 7 Polar Elektro Oy, Professorintie 5, Kempele, Finland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2014 / Revised: 13 March 2014 / Accepted: 8 April 2014 / Published: 6 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Toward people aware IoT)


Today, increasing number of industrial application cases rely on the Machine to Machine (M2M) services exposed from physical devices. Such M2M services enable interaction of physical world with the core processes of company information systems. However, there are grand challenges related to complexity and “vertical silos” limiting the M2M market scale and interoperability. It is here expected that horizontal approach for the system architecture is required for solving these challenges. Therefore, a set of architectural principles and key enablers for the horizontal architecture have been specified in this work. A selected set of key enablers called as autonomic M2M manager, M2M service capabilities, M2M messaging system, M2M gateways towards energy constrained M2M asset devices and creation of trust to enable end-to-end security for M2M applications have been developed. The developed key enablers have been evaluated separately in different scenarios dealing with smart metering, car sharing and electric bike experiments. The evaluation results shows that the provided architectural principles, and developed key enablers establish a solid ground for future research and seem to enable communication between objects and applications, which are not initially been designed to communicate together. The aim as the next step in this research is to create a combined experimental system to evaluate the system interoperability and performance in a more detailed manner.
Keywords: machine to machine systems; Internet of Things (IoT); cyber-physical systems machine to machine systems; Internet of Things (IoT); cyber-physical systems
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Latvakoski, J.; Alaya, M.B.; Ganem, H.; Jubeh, B.; Iivari, A.; Leguay, J.; Bosch, J.M.; Granqvist, N. Towards Horizontal Architecture for Autonomic M2M Service Networks. Future Internet 2014, 6, 261-301.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Future Internet EISSN 1999-5903 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert