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Creating Open Government Ecosystems: A Research and Development Agenda
Department of Communication, University at Albany, SUNY, Albany, NY 12222, USA
Center for Technology in Government, University at Albany, SUNY, Albany, NY 12222, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2012; in revised form: 24 September 2012 / Accepted: 7 October 2012 / Published: 23 October 2012
Abstract: In this paper, we propose to view the concept of open government from the perspective of an ecosystem, a metaphor often used by policy makers, scholars, and technology gurus to convey a sense of the interdependent social systems of actors, organizations, material infrastructures, and symbolic resources that can be created in technology-enabled, information-intensive social systems. We use the concept of an ecosystem to provide a framework for considering the outcomes of a workshop organized to generate a research and development agenda for open government. The agenda was produced in discussions among participants from the government (at the federal, state, and local levels), academic and civil sector communities at the Center for Technology in Government (CTG) at the University at Albany, SUNY in April 2011. The paper begins by discussing concepts central to understanding what is meant by an ecosystem and some principles that characterize its functioning. We then apply this metaphor more directly to government, proposing that policymakers engage in strategic ecosystems thinking, which means being guided by the goal of explicitly and purposefully constructing open government ecosystems. From there, we present the research agenda questions essential to the development of this new view of government's interaction with users and organizations. Our goal is to call attention to some of the fundamental ways in which government must change in order to evolve from outdated industrial bureaucratic forms to information age networked and interdependent systems.
Keywords: Web 2.0; Government 2.0; open government; open data; open data ecosystem; open government ecosystem
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MDPI and ACS Style
Harrison, T.M.; Pardo, T.A.; Cook, M. Creating Open Government Ecosystems: A Research and Development Agenda. Future Internet 2012, 4, 900-928.
Harrison TM, Pardo TA, Cook M. Creating Open Government Ecosystems: A Research and Development Agenda. Future Internet. 2012; 4(4):900-928.
Harrison, Teresa M.; Pardo, Theresa A.; Cook, Meghan. 2012. "Creating Open Government Ecosystems: A Research and Development Agenda." Future Internet 4, no. 4: 900-928.