Future Internet 2012, 4(3), 807-829; doi:10.3390/fi4030807
Article

Semantic Observation Integration

1,* email, 1email, 1email and 2email
Received: 18 June 2012; in revised form: 6 August 2012 / Accepted: 21 August 2012 / Published: 3 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Semantic Interoperability and Knowledge Building)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Although the integration of sensor-based information into analysis and decision making has been a research topic for many years, semantic interoperability has not yet been reached. The advent of user-generated content for the geospatial domain, Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), makes it even more difficult to establish semantic integration. This paper proposes a novel approach to integrating conventional sensor information and VGI, which is exploited in the context of detecting forest fires. In contrast to common logic-based semantic descriptions, we present a formal system using algebraic specifications to unambiguously describe the processing steps from natural phenomena to value-added information. A generic ontology of observations is extended and profiled for forest fire detection in order to illustrate how the sensing process, and transformations between heterogeneous sensing systems, can be represented as mathematical functions and grouped into abstract data types. We discuss the required ontological commitments and a possible generalization.
Keywords: observation; integration; semantic interoperability; ontological commitment; Haskell; functional programming; algebraic specification; DOLCE UltraLite; SSN Ontology; Volunteered Geographic Information
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schade, S.; Ostermann, F.; Spinsanti, L.; Kuhn, W. Semantic Observation Integration. Future Internet 2012, 4, 807-829.

AMA Style

Schade S, Ostermann F, Spinsanti L, Kuhn W. Semantic Observation Integration. Future Internet. 2012; 4(3):807-829.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schade, Sven; Ostermann, Frank; Spinsanti, Laura; Kuhn, Werner. 2012. "Semantic Observation Integration." Future Internet 4, no. 3: 807-829.

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