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Semantic Observation Integration
European Commission—Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Via E. Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
Institute for Geoinformatics, University of Muenster, Weseler Straße 253, 48151 Münster, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2012; in revised form: 6 August 2012 / Accepted: 21 August 2012 / Published: 3 September 2012
Abstract: Although the integration of sensor-based information into analysis and decision making has been a research topic for many years, semantic interoperability has not yet been reached. The advent of user-generated content for the geospatial domain, Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI), makes it even more difficult to establish semantic integration. This paper proposes a novel approach to integrating conventional sensor information and VGI, which is exploited in the context of detecting forest fires. In contrast to common logic-based semantic descriptions, we present a formal system using algebraic specifications to unambiguously describe the processing steps from natural phenomena to value-added information. A generic ontology of observations is extended and profiled for forest fire detection in order to illustrate how the sensing process, and transformations between heterogeneous sensing systems, can be represented as mathematical functions and grouped into abstract data types. We discuss the required ontological commitments and a possible generalization.
Keywords: observation; integration; semantic interoperability; ontological commitment; Haskell; functional programming; algebraic specification; DOLCE UltraLite; SSN Ontology; Volunteered Geographic Information
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Schade, S.; Ostermann, F.; Spinsanti, L.; Kuhn, W. Semantic Observation Integration. Future Internet 2012, 4, 807-829.
Schade S, Ostermann F, Spinsanti L, Kuhn W. Semantic Observation Integration. Future Internet. 2012; 4(3):807-829.
Schade, Sven; Ostermann, Frank; Spinsanti, Laura; Kuhn, Werner. 2012. "Semantic Observation Integration." Future Internet 4, no. 3: 807-829.