Future Internet 2010, 2(1), 41-59; doi:10.3390/fi2010041
Article

Theoretical Foundations of the Web: Cognition, Communication, and Co-Operation. Towards an Understanding of Web 1.0, 2.0, 3.0

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Received: 13 November 2009; in revised form: 17 February 2010 / Accepted: 18 February 2010 / Published: 19 February 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Currently, there is much talk of Web 2.0 and Social Software. A common understanding of these notions is not yet in existence. The question of what makes Social Software social has thus far also remained unacknowledged. In this paper we provide a theoretical understanding of these notions by outlining a model of the Web as a techno-social system that enhances human cognition towards communication and co-operation. According to this understanding, we identify three qualities of the Web, namely Web 1.0 as a Web of cognition, Web 2.0 as a Web of human communication, and Web 3.0 as a Web of co-operation. We use the terms Web 1.0, Web 2.0, Web 3.0 not in a technical sense, but for describing and characterizing the social dynamics and information processes that are part of the Internet.
Keywords: World Wide Web; social theory; cognition; communication; co-operation; Social Software; Web 1.0; Web 2.0; Web 3.0
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fuchs, C.; Hofkirchner, W.; Schafranek, M.; Raffl, C.; Sandoval, M.; Bichler, R. Theoretical Foundations of the Web: Cognition, Communication, and Co-Operation. Towards an Understanding of Web 1.0, 2.0, 3.0. Future Internet 2010, 2, 41-59.

AMA Style

Fuchs C, Hofkirchner W, Schafranek M, Raffl C, Sandoval M, Bichler R. Theoretical Foundations of the Web: Cognition, Communication, and Co-Operation. Towards an Understanding of Web 1.0, 2.0, 3.0. Future Internet. 2010; 2(1):41-59.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fuchs, Christian; Hofkirchner, Wolfgang; Schafranek, Matthias; Raffl, Celina; Sandoval, Marisol; Bichler, Robert. 2010. "Theoretical Foundations of the Web: Cognition, Communication, and Co-Operation. Towards an Understanding of Web 1.0, 2.0, 3.0." Future Internet 2, no. 1: 41-59.

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