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Future Internet 2010, 2(1), 41-59; doi:10.3390/fi2010041
Article

Theoretical Foundations of the Web: Cognition, Communication, and Co-Operation. Towards an Understanding of Web 1.0, 2.0, 3.0

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Unified Theory of Information Research Group, ICT&S Center: Advanced Studies and Research in Information and Communication Technologies & Society; University of Salzburg, Sigmund Haffner Gasse 18, 5020 Salzburg, Austria
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 November 2009 / Revised: 17 February 2010 / Accepted: 18 February 2010 / Published: 19 February 2010
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Abstract

Currently, there is much talk of Web 2.0 and Social Software. A common understanding of these notions is not yet in existence. The question of what makes Social Software social has thus far also remained unacknowledged. In this paper we provide a theoretical understanding of these notions by outlining a model of the Web as a techno-social system that enhances human cognition towards communication and co-operation. According to this understanding, we identify three qualities of the Web, namely Web 1.0 as a Web of cognition, Web 2.0 as a Web of human communication, and Web 3.0 as a Web of co-operation. We use the terms Web 1.0, Web 2.0, Web 3.0 not in a technical sense, but for describing and characterizing the social dynamics and information processes that are part of the Internet.
Keywords: World Wide Web; social theory; cognition; communication; co-operation; Social Software; Web 1.0; Web 2.0; Web 3.0 World Wide Web; social theory; cognition; communication; co-operation; Social Software; Web 1.0; Web 2.0; Web 3.0
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Fuchs, C.; Hofkirchner, W.; Schafranek, M.; Raffl, C.; Sandoval, M.; Bichler, R. Theoretical Foundations of the Web: Cognition, Communication, and Co-Operation. Towards an Understanding of Web 1.0, 2.0, 3.0. Future Internet 2010, 2, 41-59.

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