- freely available
Tissue Engineered Human Skin Equivalents
AbstractHuman skin not only serves as an important barrier against the penetration of exogenous substances into the body, but also provides a potential avenue for the transport of functional active drugs/reagents/ingredients into the skin (topical delivery) and/or the body (transdermal delivery). In the past three decades, research and development in human skin equivalents have advanced in parallel with those in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The human skin equivalents are used commercially as clinical skin substitutes and as models for permeation and toxicity screening. Several academic laboratories have developed their own human skin equivalent models and applied these models for studying skin permeation, corrosivity and irritation, compound toxicity, biochemistry, metabolism and cellular pharmacology. Various aspects of the state of the art of human skin equivalents are reviewed and discussed.
Share & Cite This Article
Export to BibTeX | EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style
Zhang, Z.; Michniak-Kohn, B.B. Tissue Engineered Human Skin Equivalents. Pharmaceutics 2012, 4, 26-41.View more citation formats
Zhang Z, Michniak-Kohn BB. Tissue Engineered Human Skin Equivalents. Pharmaceutics. 2012; 4(1):26-41.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Zheng; Michniak-Kohn, Bozena B. 2012. "Tissue Engineered Human Skin Equivalents." Pharmaceutics 4, no. 1: 26-41.