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Ophthalmic Drug Delivery in Glaucoma—A Review
Eye Clinic of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas 50009, Lithuania
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 February 2012; in revised form: 29 February 2012 / Accepted: 14 March 2012 / Published: 21 March 2012
Abstract: Glaucoma is a progressive optic neuropathy and medical therapy is the initial option for the treatment of this potentially blinding condition. Topical instillation of eye drops from the bottle is the most common glaucoma drug delivery form. Due to limited permeability of anterior ocular surface, natural clearance and drainage, eye drops contain large amounts of inactive ingredients. Effective penetration enhancers are known as irritants causing ocular discomfort. Although drug efficacy is determined by active ingredients, inactive agents can affect tolerance and can result in conjunctival irritation and hyperemia and influence patients’ adherence and quality of life.
Keywords: glaucoma; pharmacokinetics; drug penetration; topical application
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Januleviciene, I.; Siaudvytyte, L.; Barsauskaite, R. Ophthalmic Drug Delivery in Glaucoma—A Review. Pharmaceutics 2012, 4, 243-251.
Januleviciene I, Siaudvytyte L, Barsauskaite R. Ophthalmic Drug Delivery in Glaucoma—A Review. Pharmaceutics. 2012; 4(1):243-251.
Januleviciene, Ingrida; Siaudvytyte, Lina; Barsauskaite, Ruta. 2012. "Ophthalmic Drug Delivery in Glaucoma—A Review." Pharmaceutics 4, no. 1: 243-251.