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Effect of Penetration Enhancer Containing Vesicles on the Percutaneous Delivery of Quercetin through New Born Pig Skin
Dipartimento Farmaco Chimico Tecnologico, University of Cagliari, Via Ospedale 72, Cagliari, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2011; in revised form: 4 August 2011 / Accepted: 10 August 2011 / Published: 12 August 2011
Abstract: Quercetin (3,3′,4′,5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) exerts multiple pharmacological effects: anti-oxidant activity, induction of apoptosis, modulation of cell cycle, anti-mutagenesis, and anti-inflammatory effect. In topical formulations quercetin inhibits oxidative skin damage and the inflammatory processes induced by solar UV radiation. In this work, quercetin (2 mg/mL) was loaded in vesicular Penetration Enhancer containing Vesicles (PEVs), prepared using a mixture of lipids (Phospholipon® 50, P50) and one of four selected hydrophilic penetration enhancers: Transcutol® P, propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol 400, and Labrasol® at the same concentration (40% of water phase). Photon Correlation Spectroscopy results showed a mean diameter of drug loaded vesicles in the range 80–220 nm. All formulations showed a negative surface charge and incorporation efficiency in the range 48–75%. Transmission Electron Microscopy confirmed that size and morphology varied as a function of the used penetration enhancer. The influence of PEVs on ex vivo quercetin (trans)dermal delivery was evaluated using Franz-type diffusion cells, new born pig skin and Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy. Results showed that drug delivery is affected by the penetration enhancer used in the PEVs' formulation.
Keywords: liposome; quercetin; penetration enhancer; skin permeation; rheology; confocal laser scanning microscopy; bioflavonoid
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MDPI and ACS Style
Chessa, M.; Caddeo, C.; Valenti, D.; Manconi, M.; Sinico, C.; Fadda, A.M. Effect of Penetration Enhancer Containing Vesicles on the Percutaneous Delivery of Quercetin through New Born Pig Skin. Pharmaceutics 2011, 3, 497-509.
Chessa M, Caddeo C, Valenti D, Manconi M, Sinico C, Fadda AM. Effect of Penetration Enhancer Containing Vesicles on the Percutaneous Delivery of Quercetin through New Born Pig Skin. Pharmaceutics. 2011; 3(3):497-509.
Chessa, Maura; Caddeo, Carla; Valenti, Donatella; Manconi, Maria; Sinico, Chiara; Fadda, Anna Maria. 2011. "Effect of Penetration Enhancer Containing Vesicles on the Percutaneous Delivery of Quercetin through New Born Pig Skin." Pharmaceutics 3, no. 3: 497-509.