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Pharmaceutics 2018, 10(2), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmaceutics10020058

A Miniaturized Extruder to Prototype Amorphous Solid Dispersions: Selection of Plasticizers for Hot Melt Extrusion

1
Roche Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development (pRED), Roche Innovation Center Basel, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., CH-4070 Basel, Switzerland
2
Pharmaceutical Research and Development, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., CH-4070 Basel, Switzerland
3
Production Engineering Department (Formulation Technology), Chugai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 5-1 Ukima 5-chome, Kita-ku, Tokyo 115-8543, Japan
4
Pharma Technical Development, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Grenzacherstrasse 124, CH-4070 Basel, Switzerland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 March 2018 / Revised: 7 May 2018 / Accepted: 14 May 2018 / Published: 19 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmaceutical Applications of Hot-melt Extrusion)
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Abstract

Hot-melt extrusion is an option to fabricate amorphous solid dispersions and to enhance oral bioavailability of poorly soluble compounds. The selection of suitable polymer carriers and processing aids determines the dissolution, homogeneity and stability performance of this solid dosage form. A miniaturized extrusion device (MinEx) was developed and Hypromellose acetate succinate type L (HPMCAS-L) based extrudates containing the model drugs neurokinin-1 (NK1) and cholesterylester transfer protein (CETP) were manufactured, plasticizers were added and their impact on dissolution and solid-state properties were assessed. Similar mixtures were manufactured with a lab-scale extruder, for face to face comparison. The properties of MinEx extrudates widely translated to those manufactured with a lab-scale extruder. Plasticizers, Polyethyleneglycol 4000 (PEG4000) and Poloxamer 188, were homogenously distributed but decreased the storage stability of the extrudates. Stearic acid was found condensed in ultrathin nanoplatelets which did not impact the storage stability of the system. Depending on their distribution and physicochemical properties, plasticizers can modulate storage stability and dissolution performance of extrudates. MinEx is a valuable prototyping-screening method and enables rational selection of plasticizers in a time and material sparing manner. In eight out of eight cases the properties of the extrudates translated to products manufactured in lab-scale extrusion trials. View Full-Text
Keywords: hot melt extrusion; nanotechnology; torque rheometer; amorphous solid dispersion hot melt extrusion; nanotechnology; torque rheometer; amorphous solid dispersion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Lauer, M.E.; Maurer, R.; De Paepe, A.T.; Stillhart, C.; Jacob, L.; James, R.; Kojima, Y.; Rietmann, R.; Kissling, T.; van den Ende, J.A.; Schwarz, S.; Grassmann, O.; Page, S. A Miniaturized Extruder to Prototype Amorphous Solid Dispersions: Selection of Plasticizers for Hot Melt Extrusion. Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 58.

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