Genomic Characterization of the Genus Nairovirus (Family Bunyaviridae)
AbstractNairovirus, one of five bunyaviral genera, includes seven species. Genomic sequence information is limited for members of the Dera Ghazi Khan, Hughes, Qalyub, Sakhalin, and Thiafora nairovirus species. We used next-generation sequencing and historical virus-culture samples to determine 14 complete and nine coding-complete nairoviral genome sequences to further characterize these species. Previously unsequenced viruses include Abu Mina, Clo Mor, Great Saltee, Hughes, Raza, Sakhalin, Soldado, and Tillamook viruses. In addition, we present genomic sequence information on additional isolates of previously sequenced Avalon, Dugbe, Sapphire II, and Zirqa viruses. Finally, we identify Tunis virus, previously thought to be a phlebovirus, as an isolate of Abu Hammad virus. Phylogenetic analyses indicate the need for reassignment of Sapphire II virus to Dera Ghazi Khan nairovirus and reassignment of Hazara, Tofla, and Nairobi sheep disease viruses to novel species. We also propose new species for the Kasokero group (Kasokero, Leopards Hill, Yogue viruses), the Ketarah group (Gossas, Issyk-kul, Keterah/soft tick viruses) and the Burana group (Wēnzhōu tick virus, Huángpí tick virus 1, Tǎchéng tick virus 1). Our analyses emphasize the sister relationship of nairoviruses and arenaviruses, and indicate that several nairo-like viruses (Shāyáng spider virus 1, Xīnzhōu spider virus, Sānxiá water strider virus 1, South Bay virus, Wǔhàn millipede virus 2) require establishment of novel genera in a larger nairovirus-arenavirus supergroup. View Full-Text
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Kuhn, J.H.; Wiley, M.R.; Rodriguez, S.E.; Bào, Y.; Prieto, K.; Travassos da Rosa, A.P.A.; Guzman, H.; Savji, N.; Ladner, J.T.; Tesh, R.B.; Wada, J.; Jahrling, P.B.; Bente, D.A.; Palacios, G. Genomic Characterization of the Genus Nairovirus (Family Bunyaviridae). Viruses 2016, 8, 164.
Kuhn JH, Wiley MR, Rodriguez SE, Bào Y, Prieto K, Travassos da Rosa APA, Guzman H, Savji N, Ladner JT, Tesh RB, Wada J, Jahrling PB, Bente DA, Palacios G. Genomic Characterization of the Genus Nairovirus (Family Bunyaviridae). Viruses. 2016; 8(6):164.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kuhn, Jens H.; Wiley, Michael R.; Rodriguez, Sergio E.; Bào, Yīmíng; Prieto, Karla; Travassos da Rosa, Amelia P.A.; Guzman, Hilda; Savji, Nazir; Ladner, Jason T.; Tesh, Robert B.; Wada, Jiro; Jahrling, Peter B.; Bente, Dennis A.; Palacios, Gustavo. 2016. "Genomic Characterization of the Genus Nairovirus (Family Bunyaviridae)." Viruses 8, no. 6: 164.