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Viruses 2016, 8(5), 148; doi:10.3390/v8050148

Aerosol Transmission of Filoviruses

1
Virology Unit, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, Antwerp B-2000, Belgium
2
School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Hawassa University, P.O. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jens H. Kuhn
Received: 24 December 2015 / Revised: 18 May 2016 / Accepted: 20 May 2016 / Published: 23 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Ebolavirus, Marburgvirus, and Cuevavirus Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [255 KB, uploaded 23 May 2016]

Abstract

Filoviruses have become a worldwide public health concern because of their potential for introductions into non-endemic countries through international travel and the international transport of infected animals or animal products. Since it was first identified in 1976, in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire) and Sudan, the 2013–2015 western African Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak is the largest, both by number of cases and geographical extension, and deadliest, recorded so far in medical history. The source of ebolaviruses for human index case(s) in most outbreaks is presumptively associated with handling of bush meat or contact with fruit bats. Transmission among humans occurs easily when a person comes in contact with contaminated body fluids of patients, but our understanding of other transmission routes is still fragmentary. This review deals with the controversial issue of aerosol transmission of filoviruses. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ebola; aerosol transmission; pigs; veterinary medicine Ebola; aerosol transmission; pigs; veterinary medicine
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mekibib, B.; Ariën, K.K. Aerosol Transmission of Filoviruses. Viruses 2016, 8, 148.

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