Glycosylation of KSHV Encoded vGPCR Functions in Its Signaling and Tumorigenicity
AbstractKaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is a tumor virus and the etiologic agent of Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS). KSHV G protein-coupled receptor (vGPCR) is an oncogene that is implicated in malignancies associated with KHSV infection. In this study, we show that vGPCR undergoes extensive N-linked glycosylation within the extracellular domains, specifically asparagines 18, 22, 31 and 202. An immunofluorescence assay demonstrates that N-linked glycosylation are necessary for vGPCR trafficking to the cellular membrane. Employing vGPCR mutants whose glycosylation sites were ablated, we show that these vGPCR mutants failed to activate downstream signaling in cultured cells and were severely impaired to induce tumor formation in the xenograph nude mouse model. These findings support the conclusion that glycosylation is critical for vGPCR tumorigenesis and imply that chemokine regulation at the plasma membrane is crucial for vGPCR mediated signaling. View Full-Text
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Wu, H.; Liu, L.; Xiao, J.; Chi, M.; Qu, Y.; Feng, H. Glycosylation of KSHV Encoded vGPCR Functions in Its Signaling and Tumorigenicity. Viruses 2015, 7, 1627-1641.
Wu H, Liu L, Xiao J, Chi M, Qu Y, Feng H. Glycosylation of KSHV Encoded vGPCR Functions in Its Signaling and Tumorigenicity. Viruses. 2015; 7(4):1627-1641.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wu, Hui; Liu, Liqun; Xiao, Jun; Chi, Mengdie; Qu, Yixiao; Feng, Hao. 2015. "Glycosylation of KSHV Encoded vGPCR Functions in Its Signaling and Tumorigenicity." Viruses 7, no. 4: 1627-1641.