A Flagellar Glycan-Specific Protein Encoded by Campylobacter Phages Inhibits Host Cell Growth
AbstractWe previously characterized a carbohydrate binding protein, Gp047, derived from lytic Campylobacter phage NCTC 12673, as a promising diagnostic tool for the identification of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. We also demonstrated that this protein binds specifically to acetamidino-modified pseudaminic acid residues on host flagella, but the role of this protein in the phage lifecycle remains unknown. Here, we report that Gp047 is capable of inhibiting C. jejuni growth both on solid and liquid media, an activity, which we found to be bacteriostatic. The Gp047 domain responsible for bacterial growth inhibition is localized to the C-terminal quarter of the protein, and this activity is both contact- and dose-dependent. Gp047 gene homologues are present in all Campylobacter phages sequenced to date, and the resulting protein is not part of the phage particle. Therefore, these results suggest that either phages of this pathogen have evolved an effector protein capable of host-specific growth inhibition, or that Campylobacter cells have developed a mechanism of regulating their growth upon sensing an impending phage threat. View Full-Text
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Javed, M.A.; Sacher, J.C.; van Alphen, L.B.; Patry, R.T.; Szymanski, C.M. A Flagellar Glycan-Specific Protein Encoded by Campylobacter Phages Inhibits Host Cell Growth. Viruses 2015, 7, 6661-6674.
Javed MA, Sacher JC, van Alphen LB, Patry RT, Szymanski CM. A Flagellar Glycan-Specific Protein Encoded by Campylobacter Phages Inhibits Host Cell Growth. Viruses. 2015; 7(12):6661-6674.Chicago/Turabian Style
Javed, Muhammad A.; Sacher, Jessica C.; van Alphen, Lieke B.; Patry, Robert T.; Szymanski, Christine M. 2015. "A Flagellar Glycan-Specific Protein Encoded by Campylobacter Phages Inhibits Host Cell Growth." Viruses 7, no. 12: 6661-6674.