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HIV-1 Diversity in the Envelope Glycoproteins: Implications for Viral Entry Inhibition
Viruses 2013, 5(2), 605-618; doi:10.3390/v5020605

Carbohydrate-Related Inhibitors of Dengue Virus Entry

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Received: 16 January 2013 / Revised: 1 February 2013 / Accepted: 4 February 2013 / Published: 6 February 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viral Entry Inhibitors)
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Abstract: Dengue virus (DENV), which is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, causes fever and hemorrhagic disorders in humans. The virus entry process mediated through host receptor molecule(s) is crucial for virus propagation and the pathological progression of dengue disease. Therefore, elucidation of the molecular mechanisms underlying virus entry is essential for an understanding of dengue pathology and for the development of effective new anti-dengue agents. DENV binds to its receptor molecules mediated through a viral envelope (E) protein, followed by incorporation of the virus-receptor complex inside cells. The fusion between incorporated virus particles and host endosome membrane under acidic conditions is mediated through the function of DENV E protein. Carbohydrate molecules, such as sulfated glycosaminoglycans (GAG) and glycosphingolipids, and carbohydrate-recognition proteins, termed lectins, inhibit virus entry. This review focuses on carbohydrate-derived entry inhibitors, and also introduces functionally related compounds with similar inhibitory mechanisms against DENV entry.
Keywords: dengue virus; receptor; endocytosis; fusion; entry inhibitor; carbohydrate; glycosaminoglycan dengue virus; receptor; endocytosis; fusion; entry inhibitor; carbohydrate; glycosaminoglycan
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hidari, K.I.; Abe, T.; Suzuki, T. Carbohydrate-Related Inhibitors of Dengue Virus Entry. Viruses 2013, 5, 605-618.

AMA Style

Hidari KI, Abe T, Suzuki T. Carbohydrate-Related Inhibitors of Dengue Virus Entry. Viruses. 2013; 5(2):605-618.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hidari, Kazuya I.; Abe, Tomoko; Suzuki, Takashi. 2013. "Carbohydrate-Related Inhibitors of Dengue Virus Entry." Viruses 5, no. 2: 605-618.

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