Nuclear Trafficking of Retroviral RNAs and Gag Proteins during Late Steps of Replication
AbstractRetroviruses exploit nuclear trafficking machinery at several distinct stages in their replication cycles. In this review, we will focus primarily on nucleocytoplasmic trafficking events that occur after the completion of reverse transcription and proviral integration. First, we will discuss nuclear export of unspliced viral RNA transcripts, which serves two essential roles: as the mRNA template for the translation of viral structural proteins and as the genome for encapsidation into virions. These full-length viral RNAs must overcome the cell’s quality control measures to leave the nucleus by co-opting host factors or encoding viral proteins to mediate nuclear export of unspliced viral RNAs. Next, we will summarize the most recent findings on the mechanisms of Gag nuclear trafficking and discuss potential roles for nuclear localization of Gag proteins in retrovirus replication.
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Stake, M.S.; Bann, D.V.; Kaddis, R.J.; Parent, L.J. Nuclear Trafficking of Retroviral RNAs and Gag Proteins during Late Steps of Replication. Viruses 2013, 5, 2767-2795.
Stake MS, Bann DV, Kaddis RJ, Parent LJ. Nuclear Trafficking of Retroviral RNAs and Gag Proteins during Late Steps of Replication. Viruses. 2013; 5(11):2767-2795.Chicago/Turabian Style
Stake, Matthew S.; Bann, Darrin V.; Kaddis, Rebecca J.; Parent, Leslie J. 2013. "Nuclear Trafficking of Retroviral RNAs and Gag Proteins during Late Steps of Replication." Viruses 5, no. 11: 2767-2795.