Molecular Mechanisms of HIV Immune Evasion of the Innate Immune Response in Myeloid Cells
AbstractThe expression of intrinsic antiviral factors by myeloid cells is a recently recognized mechanism of restricting lentiviral replication. Viruses that enter these cells must develop strategies to evade cellular antiviral factors to establish a productive infection. By studying the cellular targets of virally encoded proteins that are necessary to infect myeloid cells, a better understanding of cellular intrinsic antiviral strategies has now been achieved. Recent findings have provided insight into how the lentiviral accessory proteins, Vpx, Vpr and Vif counteract antiviral factors found in myeloid cells including SAMHD1, APOBEC3G, APOBEC3A, UNG2 and uracil. Here we review our current understanding of the molecular basis of how cellular antiviral factors function and the viral countermeasures that antagonize them to promote viral transmission and spread. View Full-Text
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Mashiba, M.; Collins, K.L. Molecular Mechanisms of HIV Immune Evasion of the Innate Immune Response in Myeloid Cells. Viruses 2013, 5, 1-14.
Mashiba M, Collins KL. Molecular Mechanisms of HIV Immune Evasion of the Innate Immune Response in Myeloid Cells. Viruses. 2013; 5(1):1-14.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mashiba, Mike; Collins, Kathleen L. 2013. "Molecular Mechanisms of HIV Immune Evasion of the Innate Immune Response in Myeloid Cells." Viruses 5, no. 1: 1-14.