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Epidemiology, Molecular Epidemiology and Evolution of Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus
Viruses 2012, 4(12), 3494-3510; doi:10.3390/v4123494
Review

The Pneumonia Virus of Mice (PVM) Model of Acute Respiratory Infection

1,* , 1
,
1
,
2
 and
1
1 Laboratory of Allergic Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA 2 Department of Pediatrics, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY 13210, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2012 / Revised: 28 November 2012 / Accepted: 28 November 2012 / Published: 5 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pneumoviruses and Metapneumoviruses)
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Abstract

Pneumonia Virus of Mice (PVM) is related to the human and bovine respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) pathogens, and has been used to study respiratory virus replication and the ensuing inflammatory response as a component of a natural host—pathogen relationship. As such, PVM infection in mice reproduces many of the clinical and pathologic features of the more severe forms of RSV infection in human infants. Here we review some of the most recent findings on the basic biology of PVM infection and its use as a model of disease, most notably for explorations of virus infection and allergic airways disease, for vaccine evaluation, and for the development of immunomodulatory strategies for acute respiratory virus infection.
Keywords: PVM; inflammation; leukocytes; eosinophils; respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; TLR; IFN; heterologous immunity; MIP-1α PVM; inflammation; leukocytes; eosinophils; respiratory syncytial virus; RSV; TLR; IFN; heterologous immunity; MIP-1α
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Dyer, K.D.; Garcia-Crespo, K.E.; Glineur, S.; Domachowske, J.B.; Rosenberg, H.F. The Pneumonia Virus of Mice (PVM) Model of Acute Respiratory Infection. Viruses 2012, 4, 3494-3510.

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