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Herpesviruses that Infect Fish
Department of Basic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, P.O. Box 6100, Starkville, MS 39759, USA
KoVax Ltd., P.O. Box 45212, Bynet Build., Har Hotzvim Inds. Pk., Jerusalem 97444, Israel
Department of Pathology, Hadassah Medical School, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
The Lautenberg Center for General and Tumor Immunology, Hadassah Medical School, the Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91120, Israel
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 September 2011; in revised form: 15 October 2011 / Accepted: 22 October 2011 / Published: 8 November 2011
Abstract: Herpesviruses are host specific pathogens that are widespread among vertebrates. Genome sequence data demonstrate that most herpesviruses of fish and amphibians are grouped together (family Alloherpesviridae) and are distantly related to herpesviruses of reptiles, birds and mammals (family Herpesviridae). Yet, many of the biological processes of members of the order Herpesvirales are similar. Among the conserved characteristics are the virion structure, replication process, the ability to establish long term latency and the manipulation of the host immune response. Many of the similar processes may be due to convergent evolution. This overview of identified herpesviruses of fish discusses the diseases that alloherpesviruses cause, the biology of these viruses and the host-pathogen interactions. Much of our knowledge on the biology of Alloherpesvirdae is derived from research with two species: Ictalurid herpesvirus 1 (channel catfish virus) and Cyprinid herpesvirus 3 (koi herpesvirus).
Keywords: alloherpesvirus; herpesvirus latency; Koi herpesvirus; Cyprinid herpesvirus 3; channel catfish virus; Ictalurid herpesvirus 1
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Hanson, L.; Dishon, A.; Kotler, M. Herpesviruses that Infect Fish. Viruses 2011, 3, 2160-2191.
Hanson L, Dishon A, Kotler M. Herpesviruses that Infect Fish. Viruses. 2011; 3(11):2160-2191.
Hanson, Larry; Dishon, Arnon; Kotler, Moshe. 2011. "Herpesviruses that Infect Fish." Viruses 3, no. 11: 2160-2191.