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Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus Biology and Oncogenesis
Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Cancer Research Institute, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2010; in revised form: 22 November 2010 / Accepted: 23 November 2010 / Published: 3 December 2010
Abstract: Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) is the causative agent of a lung cancer in sheep known as ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA). The disease has been identified around the world in several breeds of sheep and goats, and JSRV infection typically has a serious impact on affected flocks. In addition, studies on OPA are an excellent model for human lung carcinogenesis. A unique feature of JSRV is that its envelope (Env) protein functions as an oncogene. The JSRV Env-induced transformation or oncogenesis has been studied in a variety of cell systems and in animal models. Moreover, JSRV studies have provided insights into retroviral genomic RNA export/expression mechanisms. JSRV encodes a trans-acting factor (Rej) within the env gene necessary for the synthesis of Gag protein from unspliced viral RNA. This review summarizes research pertaining to JSRV‑induced pathogenesis, Env transformation, and other aspects of JSRV biology.
Keywords: Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus; JSRV; transformation; Env; Rej; ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma; cancer
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Hofacre, A.; Fan, H. Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus Biology and Oncogenesis. Viruses 2010, 2, 2618-2648.
Hofacre A, Fan H. Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus Biology and Oncogenesis. Viruses. 2010; 2(12):2618-2648.
Hofacre, Andrew; Fan, Hung. 2010. "Jaagsiekte Sheep Retrovirus Biology and Oncogenesis." Viruses 2, no. 12: 2618-2648.