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Viruses 2018, 10(9), 501; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10090501

The Surveillance of Chikungunya Virus in a Temperate Climate: Challenges and Possible Solutions from the Experience of Lazio Region, Italy

1
Regional Service for Surveillance and Control of Infectious Diseases (SERESMI)—Lazio Region, National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Lazzaro Spallanzani” IRCCS, 00149 Rome, Italy
2
Regional Service for Surveillance and Control of Infectious Diseases (SEREMI)—Regione Piemonte, 15121 Alessandria, Italy
3
National Institute for Infectious Diseases “Lazzaro Spallanzani” IRCCS, 00149 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2018 / Revised: 13 September 2018 / Accepted: 14 September 2018 / Published: 14 September 2018
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Abstract

CHIKV has become an emerging public health concern in the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere as a consequenceof the expansion of the endemic areas of its vectors (mainly Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus). In 2017, a new outbreak of CHIKV was detected in Italy with three clusters of autochthonous transmission in the Lazio Region (central Italy), in the cities of Anzio, Rome, and Latina and a secondary cluster in the Calabria Region (south Italy). Given the climate characteristics of Italy, sporadic outbreaks mostly driven by imported cases followed by autochthonous transmission could occur during the summer season. This highlights the importance of a well-designed surveillance system, which should promptly identify autochthonous transmission. The use of a surveillance system integrating different surveillance tools, including entomological surveillance in a one health approach, together with education of the health care professionals should facilitate the detection, response, and control of arboviruses spreading. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chikungunya; surveillance; temperate climate; Italy Chikungunya; surveillance; temperate climate; Italy
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Vairo, F.; Di Pietrantonj, C.; Pasqualini, C.; Mammone, A.; Lanini, S.; Nicastri, E.; Castilletti, C.; Ferraro, F.; Di Bari, V.; Puro, V.; Scognamiglio, P.; Di Caro, A.; Capobianchi, M.R.; Ippolito, G. The Surveillance of Chikungunya Virus in a Temperate Climate: Challenges and Possible Solutions from the Experience of Lazio Region, Italy. Viruses 2018, 10, 501.

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