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Viruses 2018, 10(9), 492; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10090492

Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus: From Genome to Disease Management

1
Institute of Systems Biology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia
2
School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 July 2018 / Revised: 22 August 2018 / Accepted: 28 August 2018 / Published: 13 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Viruses of Plants, Fungi and Protozoa)
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Abstract

Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) is a serious maize pathogen, epidemic worldwide, and one of the most common virus diseases for monocotyledonous plants, causing up to 70% loss in corn yield globally since 1960. MDMV belongs to the genus Potyvirus (Potyviridae) and was first identified in 1964 in Illinois in corn and Johnsongrass. MDMV is a single stranded positive sense RNA virus and is transmitted in a non-persistent manner by several aphid species. MDMV is amongst the most important virus diseases in maize worldwide. This review will discuss its genome, transmission, symptomatology, diagnosis and management. Particular emphasis will be given to the current state of knowledge on the diagnosis and control of MDMV, due to its importance in reducing the impact of maize dwarf mosaic disease, to produce an enhanced quality and quantity of maize. View Full-Text
Keywords: Maize dwarf mosaic virus; genome; transmission; symptomatology; diagnosis; management Maize dwarf mosaic virus; genome; transmission; symptomatology; diagnosis; management
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kannan, M.; Ismail, I.; Bunawan, H. Maize Dwarf Mosaic Virus: From Genome to Disease Management. Viruses 2018, 10, 492.

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