Next Article in Journal
Inhibition of Hepatitis E Virus Spread by the Natural Compound Silvestrol
Previous Article in Journal
Analysis of 19 Highly Conserved Vibrio cholerae Bacteriophages Isolated from Environmental and Patient Sources Over a Twelve-Year Period
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessCommunication
Viruses 2018, 10(6), 300; https://doi.org/10.3390/v10060300

Virological Sampling of Inaccessible Wildlife with Drones

1
Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
2
Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, Charles Perkins Centre, School of Life and Environmental Sciences and Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
3
Heliguy Scientific Pty Ltd., Sydney, NSW 2204, Australia
4
Department of Molecular Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
5
Westmead Institute for Medical Research, Centre for Virus Research, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia
The authors contributed equally to this paper.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2018 / Revised: 31 May 2018 / Accepted: 31 May 2018 / Published: 2 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Viruses)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1749 KB, uploaded 2 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

There is growing interest in characterizing the viromes of diverse mammalian species, particularly in the context of disease emergence. However, little is known about virome diversity in aquatic mammals, in part due to difficulties in sampling. We characterized the virome of the exhaled breath (or blow) of the Eastern Australian humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). To achieve an unbiased survey of virome diversity, a meta-transcriptomic analysis was performed on 19 pooled whale blow samples collected via a purpose-built Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV, or drone) approximately 3 km off the coast of Sydney, Australia during the 2017 winter annual northward migration from Antarctica to northern Australia. To our knowledge, this is the first time that UAVs have been used to sample viruses. Despite the relatively small number of animals surveyed in this initial study, we identified six novel virus species from five viral families. This work demonstrates the potential of UAVs in studies of virus disease, diversity, and evolution. View Full-Text
Keywords: whale; virome; drone; mammalian host; virosphere whale; virome; drone; mammalian host; virosphere
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Geoghegan, J.L.; Pirotta, V.; Harvey, E.; Smith, A.; Buchmann, J.P.; Ostrowski, M.; Eden, J.-S.; Harcourt, R.; Holmes, E.C. Virological Sampling of Inaccessible Wildlife with Drones. Viruses 2018, 10, 300.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Viruses EISSN 1999-4915 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top