Role of the ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway in the Replication of Junín and Tacaribe Viruses
AbstractWe have previously shown that the infection of cell cultures with the arenaviruses Junín (JUNV), Tacaribe (TCRV), and Pichindé promotes the phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) and that this activation is required for the achievement of a productive infection. Here we examined the contribution of ERK1/2 in early steps of JUNV and TCRV multiplication. JUNV adsorption, internalization, and uncoating were not affected by treatment of cultured cells with U0126, an inhibitor of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. In contrast, U0126 caused a marked reduction in viral protein expression and RNA synthesis, while JUNV RNA synthesis was significantly augmented in the presence of an activator of the ERK1/2 pathway. Moreover, U0126 impaired the expression of a reporter gene in a TCRV-based replicon system, confirming the ability of the compound to hinder arenavirus macromolecular synthesis. By using a cell-based assay, we determined that the inhibitor did not affect the translation of a synthetic TCRV-like mRNA. No changes in the phosphorylation pattern of the translation factor eIF2α were found in U0126-treated cells. Our results indicate that U0126 impairs viral RNA synthesis, thereby leading to a subsequent reduction in viral protein expression. Thus, we conclude that ERK1/2 signaling activation is required for an efficient arenavirus RNA synthesis. View Full-Text
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Brunetti, J.E.; Foscaldi, S.; Quintana, V.M.; Scolaro, L.A.; López, N.; Castilla, V. Role of the ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway in the Replication of Junín and Tacaribe Viruses. Viruses 2018, 10, 199.
Brunetti JE, Foscaldi S, Quintana VM, Scolaro LA, López N, Castilla V. Role of the ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway in the Replication of Junín and Tacaribe Viruses. Viruses. 2018; 10(4):199.Chicago/Turabian Style
Brunetti, Jesús E.; Foscaldi, Sabrina; Quintana, Verónica M.; Scolaro, Luis A.; López, Nora; Castilla, Viviana. 2018. "Role of the ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway in the Replication of Junín and Tacaribe Viruses." Viruses 10, no. 4: 199.