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Viruses 2018, 10(1), 41; doi:10.3390/v10010041

Resistance to HIV Integrase Inhibitors: About R263K and E157Q Mutations

IAME, UMR 1137, INSERM, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, AP-HP, Laboratoire de Virologie, Hôpital Bichat, AP-HP, 75018 Paris, France
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Received: 14 December 2017 / Revised: 29 December 2017 / Accepted: 31 December 2017 / Published: 18 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Homage to Mark Wainberg)
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Abstract

The use of integrase inhibitors (INI) is increasing in antiretroviral therapies (ART) and INI are not all equal regarding genetic barrier to resistance. The aim of this manuscript was to review main in vivo and in vitro knowledge about two particular integrase resistance-associated mutations: R263K and E157Q. The R263K mutation was the first mutation rarely found selected at time of virological failure in patients failing a first-line dolutegravir-based treatment. Further in vitro studies on R263K mutants showed a moderate increase in phenotypic resistance level and a drastic reduction in viral replicative capacity. No compensatory mutations were evidenced. The E157Q mutation is polymorphic, found between 1.7% and 5.6% of viral sequences issued from ART-naïve patients depending on the viral subtype; as well as acquired resistance emerging at failure of a raltegravir-based regimen in two case reports. We reported data on phenotypic resistance level of E157Q mutants and virological response of patients harboring a E157Q virus initiating an INI-based regimen, showing that dolutegravir might be the most recommended INI in such patients. These findings show that there is still a need for a better understanding of resistance mechanisms to INI and emphasized the importance of genotypic background in viral evolution under drug pressure. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV; integrase; R263K; E157Q HIV; integrase; R263K; E157Q
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Charpentier, C.; Descamps, D. Resistance to HIV Integrase Inhibitors: About R263K and E157Q Mutations. Viruses 2018, 10, 41.

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