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Forests 2018, 9(9), 533; https://doi.org/10.3390/f9090533

Rethinking Fuelwood: People, Policy and the Anatomy of a Charcoal Supply Chain in a Decentralizing Peru

1
Environmental Change Institute, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, South Parks road, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
2
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR-Peru), Av. La Molina 1895, La Molina 15024 Peru
3
SEED (Solutions & Evidence for Environment & Development), 163 Howard St, Oxford OX4 3BA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2018 / Revised: 31 July 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
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Abstract

In Peru, as in many developing countries, charcoal is an important source of fuel. We examine the commercial charcoal commodity chain from its production in Ucayali, in the Peruvian Amazon, to its sale in the national market. Using a mixed-methods approach, we look at the actors involved in the commodity chain and their relationships, including the distribution of benefits along the chain. We outline the obstacles and opportunities for a more equitable charcoal supply chain within a multi-level governance context. The results show that charcoal provides an important livelihood for most of the actors along the supply chain, including rural poor and women. We find that the decentralisation process in Peru has implications for the formalisation of charcoal supply chains, a traditionally informal, particularly related to multi-level institutional obstacles to equitable commerce. This results in inequity in the supply chain, which persecutes the poorest participants and supports the most powerful actors. View Full-Text
Keywords: charcoal; fuelwood; Amazon; Peru; sustainability; poverty; policy charcoal; fuelwood; Amazon; Peru; sustainability; poverty; policy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Bennett, A.; Cronkleton, P.; Menton, M.; Malhi, Y. Rethinking Fuelwood: People, Policy and the Anatomy of a Charcoal Supply Chain in a Decentralizing Peru. Forests 2018, 9, 533.

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