Unravelling the Functional Diversity of the Soil Microbial Community of Chinese Fir Plantations of Different Densities
AbstractThe structure and function of forest ecosystems are directly or indirectly affected by their stand density. However, what effect the density of Chinese fir plantations has on the functional diversity of the soil microbial community remains unclear. The microbial metabolic functional diversity of soils sampled at the topsoil (0–20 cm) of 35-year-old Chinese fir plantations of five initial densities (D1: 1667 stems∙hm−2, D2: 3333 stems∙hm−2, D3: 5000 stems∙hm−2, D4: 6667 stems∙hm−2, and D5: 10,000 stems∙hm−2) was studied by using Biolog ECO technology. The results showed that the soil pH, oxidizable organic carbon (SOOC), available N (AN), available P (AP), and available K (AK) contents all showed a gradual increase from D1 to D4 and a decrease from D4 to D5, while the number of culturable bacteria and total microorganisms, the average well color development (AWCD) values for the single carbon substrate and six types of carbon sources used by the microbial community, as well as the Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H’), Pielou evenness index (J), and McIntosh Diversity Index (U), were the opposite, suggesting that low-densities favored C and N mineralization and the nutrient cycle. The density of Chinese fir plantations had a significant effect on the use of carbohydrates, amino acids, carboxylic acids, and phenolic acids by the soil microbial community, but it had no significant effect on the use of polymers (p < 0.05). Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed that carbohydrates, polymers, and phenolic acids were sensitive carbon sources that caused differences in the metabolic functions of soil microbial communities in Chinese fir plantations. Redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that physicochemical factors have a significant influence on the metabolic function of soil microbial communities (RDA1 and RDA2 explained >85% variance). The changes in density affected the soil physicochemical properties, the composition, and the metabolic functional diversity of microbial communities in Chinese fir plantations, which is certainly useful for the stand density regulation of Chinese fir plantations. View Full-Text
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Wang, C.; Xue, L.; Dong, Y.; Wei, Y.; Jiao, R. Unravelling the Functional Diversity of the Soil Microbial Community of Chinese Fir Plantations of Different Densities. Forests 2018, 9, 532.
Wang C, Xue L, Dong Y, Wei Y, Jiao R. Unravelling the Functional Diversity of the Soil Microbial Community of Chinese Fir Plantations of Different Densities. Forests. 2018; 9(9):532.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Chaoqun; Xue, Lin; Dong, Yuhong; Wei, Yihui; Jiao, Ruzhen. 2018. "Unravelling the Functional Diversity of the Soil Microbial Community of Chinese Fir Plantations of Different Densities." Forests 9, no. 9: 532.
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