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Forests 2016, 7(11), 273; doi:10.3390/f7110273

Fire Scenarios in Spain: A Territorial Approach to Proactive Fire Management in the Context of Global Change

1
Department of Regional Geographical Analysis and Physical Geography, Faculty of Geography and History, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid 28040, Spain
2
Department of Geography, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid 28049, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timothy A. Martin
Received: 8 September 2016 / Revised: 22 October 2016 / Accepted: 8 November 2016 / Published: 12 November 2016
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Abstract

Humans and fire form a coupled and co-evolving natural-human system in Mediterranean-climate ecosystems. In this context, recent trends in landscape change, such as urban sprawl or the abandoning of agricultural and forest land management in line with new models of economic development and lifestyles, are leading to new fire scenarios. A fire scenario refers to the contextual factors of a fire regime, i.e., the environmental, socio-economic and policy drivers of wildfire initiation and propagation on different spatial and temporal scales. This is basically a landscape concept linking territorial dynamics (related to ecosystem evolution and settlement patterns) with a fire regime (ignition causes; spread patterns; fire frequency, severity, extent and seasonality). The aim of this article is to identify and characterize these land-based fire scenarios in Spain on a national and regional scale, using a GIS-based methodology to perform a spatial analysis of the area attributes of homogenous fire spread patterns. To do this, the main variables considered are: land use/land cover, fuel load and recent fire history. The final objective is to reduce territorial vulnerability to forest wildfires and facilitate the adaptation of fire policies and land management systems to current challenges of preparedness and uncertainty management. View Full-Text
Keywords: wildfire risk; landscape character assessment; landscape units; land management; territorial dynamics; Spain; Mallorca wildfire risk; landscape character assessment; landscape units; land management; territorial dynamics; Spain; Mallorca
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Montiel Molina, C.; Galiana-Martín, L. Fire Scenarios in Spain: A Territorial Approach to Proactive Fire Management in the Context of Global Change. Forests 2016, 7, 273.

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