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Forests 2016, 7(11), 271; doi:10.3390/f7110271

Modeling the Boundaries of Plant Ecotones of Mountain Ecosystems

1
Institute of Biophysics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Federal Research Center “Krasnoyarsk Science Center SB RAS”, Academgorodok 50-50, 600036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
2
V.N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Federal Research Center “Krasnoyarsk Science Center SB RAS”, Academgorodok 50-28, 600036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Isabel Cañellas and Timothy A. Martin
Received: 30 August 2016 / Revised: 28 October 2016 / Accepted: 5 November 2016 / Published: 12 November 2016
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Abstract

The ecological second-order phase transition model has been used to describe height-dependent changes in the species composition of mountain forest ecosystems. Forest inventory data on the distribution of various tree species in the Sayan Mountains (south Middle Siberia) are in good agreement with the model proposed in this study. The model was used to estimate critical heights for different altitudinal belts of vegetation, determine the boundaries and extents of ecotones between different vegetation belts, and reveal differences in the ecotone boundaries between the north- and south-facing transects. An additional model is proposed to describe ecotone boundary shifts caused by climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: ecotone; boundaries of ecotones; mountain forest ecosystems; biodiversity ecotone; boundaries of ecotones; mountain forest ecosystems; biodiversity
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Ivanova, Y.; Soukhovolsky, V. Modeling the Boundaries of Plant Ecotones of Mountain Ecosystems. Forests 2016, 7, 271.

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