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Forests 2016, 7(11), 272; doi:10.3390/f7110272

Optimization Forest Thinning Measures for Carbon Budget in a Mixed Pine-Oak Stand of the Qingling Mountains, China: A Case Study

College of Forestry, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
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Academic Editors: Robert Jandl and Mirco Rodeghiero
Received: 18 September 2016 / Revised: 1 November 2016 / Accepted: 3 November 2016 / Published: 12 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Forest Soil Respiration under Climate Changing)
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Abstract

Forest thinning is a silviculture treatment for sustainable forest management. It may promote growth of the remaining individuals by decreasing stand density, reducing competition, and increasing light and nutrient availability to increase carbon sequestration in the forest ecosystem. However, the action also increases carbon loss simultaneously by reducing carbon and other nutrient inputs as well as exacerbating soil CO2 efflux. To achieve a maximum forest carbon budget, the central composite design with two independent variables (thinning intensity and thinning residual removal rate) was explored in a natural pine-oak mixed stand in the Qinling Mountains, China. The net primary productivity of living trees was estimated and soil CO2 efflux was stimulated by the Yasso07 model. Based on two years observation, the preliminary results indicated the following. Evidently chemical compounds of the litter of the tree species affected soil CO2 efflux stimulation. The thinning residual removal rate had a larger effect than thinning intensity on the net ecosystem productivity. When the selective thinning intensity and residual removal rate was 12.59% and 66.62% concurrently, the net ecosystem productivity reached its maximum 53.93 t·ha−1·year−1. The lower thinning intensity and higher thinning residual removal rated benefited the net ecosystem productivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: selective thinning; thinning residual removal; carbon budget; optimization; Yasso07; Qinling Mountains selective thinning; thinning residual removal; carbon budget; optimization; Yasso07; Qinling Mountains
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Hou, L.; Li, Z.; Luo, C.; Bai, L.; Dong, N. Optimization Forest Thinning Measures for Carbon Budget in a Mixed Pine-Oak Stand of the Qingling Mountains, China: A Case Study. Forests 2016, 7, 272.

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