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Forests 2014, 5(12), 3295-3326; doi:10.3390/f5123295

Integrating CBM into Land-Use Based Mitigation Actions Implemented by Local Communities

1
Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), antigua carretera a Pátzcuaro 8701, CP 58190 Morelia, Michoacán, Mexico
2
CSTM, Twente Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development, University of Twente, Postbus 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
3
United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Representation in Mexico, Montes Urales 440, Lomas de Chapultepec, 11000 Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico City, Mexico
4
The Nature Conservancy, North and Central America Regional Office, Ricardo Palmerín No. 110, 10120 Mexico City, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2014 / Revised: 3 December 2014 / Accepted: 8 December 2014 / Published: 18 December 2014
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Abstract

In 2009, the conference of the parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change recognized the need to engage communities and indigenous groups into the systems to monitor, report and verify the results of REDD+. Since then, many countries have started to prepare for REDD+ implementation. This article reviews early experiences under development in 11 projects financed by the Alliance Mexico REDD+ located in four Early Action Areas to identify the potential integration of Community Based Monitoring (CBM). The evaluation of the projects is made based on a multi-criteria analysis which considers the potential to produce information relevant for national monitoring systems and the prospects for sustained monitoring practices over time. Results indicate there are challenges to harmonizing monitoring practices and protocols between projects since activities proposed differ greatly from one project to another. Technical specifications for integrating local data into national systems are thus required. The results of these projects can help to identify best practices for planning and implementing REDD+. Findings indicate that in general, resources and capacities to gather, analyse and report information as part of CBM systems are in place in the projects, but usually these reside with non-local experts (i.e., NGOs and Academia); however, there are notable examples where these capacities reside in the communities. If national forest monitoring systems are geared to include information gathered through locally-driven processes REDD+ should promote activities that produce local benefits, but countries would need to build local capacities for managing and monitoring natural resources and would also need to create agreements for sharing and using local data. Otherwise, national systems may need to rely on monitoring practices external to communities, which depend on the continued availability of external financial resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: participatory monitoring; forest inventory; MRV; climate change mitigation; environmental policy participatory monitoring; forest inventory; MRV; climate change mitigation; environmental policy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres, A.B.; Acuña, L.A.S.; Vergara, J.M.C. Integrating CBM into Land-Use Based Mitigation Actions Implemented by Local Communities. Forests 2014, 5, 3295-3326.

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