Next Article in Journal
From Co-Management to Landscape Governance: Whither Ghana’s Modified Taungya System?
Next Article in Special Issue
Colonization with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Promotes the Growth of Morus alba L. Seedlings under Greenhouse Conditions
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Direct Application of Fertilizers and Hydrogel on the Establishment of Poplar Cuttings
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2014, 5(12), 2980-2995; doi:10.3390/f5122980

Former Land Use and Host Genotype Influence the Mycorrhizal Colonization of Poplar Roots

1
Systematic Botany and Mycology, University of Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch-Str. 8, 35032 Marburg, Germany
2
Conservation Biology, University of Marburg, Karl-von-Frisch-Str. 8, 35032 Marburg, Germany
3
Department of Forest Gene Resources, Nordwestdeutsche Forstliche Versuchsanstalt (NW-FVA), Hann. Münden, 34346, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2014 / Revised: 17 November 2014 / Accepted: 26 November 2014 / Published: 4 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycorrhizal Fungi of Forests)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [318 KB, uploaded 4 December 2014]   |  

Abstract

The present paper analyses the community structure of ectomycorrhiza (ECM) and arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) fungi associated with seven different poplar clone types growing in a patch system on soil from four different former land use types, originating from spruce forest, poplar stand, grassland and cornfield. We determined the extent to which ECM and AM play a role on the studied factors (genotype, former land use type and host growth). The diversity of ECM and AM fungal communities was estimated by morphological and molecular analyses of the 18S and ITS of the rDNA genes. Fifteen ECM fungal taxa and four AM groups were distinguished in the roots of the poplars grown for 18 months on soil originating from the respective land use types. The poplar clones showed significantly different rates of shoot length and AM colonization, especially concerning the occurrence of Glomus intraradices and Scutellospora sp. Populus deltoides had significantly higher Scutellospora sp. abundance. Although ECM abundance and diversity was high, no significant differences between the different land use types was found. However, some ECM fungi like Paxillus involutus, Laccaria proxima and Laccaria tortilis showed significant preferences for specific land use types. Our findings suggest that both factors, former land use type and poplar genotype, are important determinants of mycorrhizal colonization of the host plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: arbuscular mycorrhiza; ectomycorrhiza; poplar shoot length; land use type; 18S rDNA arbuscular mycorrhiza; ectomycorrhiza; poplar shoot length; land use type; 18S rDNA
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gherghel, F.; Behringer, D.; Haubrich, S.; Schlauß, M.; Fey-Wagner, C.; Rexer, K.-H.; Janßen, A.; Kost, G. Former Land Use and Host Genotype Influence the Mycorrhizal Colonization of Poplar Roots. Forests 2014, 5, 2980-2995.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top