Next Article in Journal
Long-Term Survival of Saplings during the Transformation to Continuous Cover
Previous Article in Journal
Arboricultural Introductions and Long-Term Changes for Invasive Woody Plants in Remnant Urban Forests
Forests 2012, 3(3), 764-786; doi:10.3390/f3030764
Article

Spatial Analysis of Conservation Priorities Based on Ecosystem Services in the Atlantic Forest Region of Misiones, Argentina

1,2,*  and 3
1 CONICET, Institute of Regional Ecology (IER), National University of Tucumán, Casilla de correo 34, Yerba Buena 4107, Tucumán, Argentina 2 Center for Atlantic Forest Investigation (CeIBA), Bertoni 85-N3370BFA, Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, Argentina 3 Center for Interdisciplinary Geospatial Analysis, Department of Geography and Global Studies, Sonoma State University, Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 June 2012 / Revised: 31 July 2012 / Accepted: 13 August 2012 / Published: 27 August 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6124 KB, uploaded 27 August 2012]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

Understanding the spatial pattern of ecosystem services is important for effective environmental policy and decision-making. In this study, we use a geospatial decision-support tool (Marxan) to identify conservation priorities for habitat and a suite of ecosystem services (storage carbon, soil retention and water yield) in the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest from Misiones, Argentina—an area of global conservation priority. Using these results, we then evaluate the efficiency of existing protected areas in conserving both habitat and ecosystem services. Selected areas for conserving habitat had an overlap of carbon and soil ecosystem services. Yet, selected areas for water yield did not have this overlap. Furthermore, selected areas with relatively high overlap of ecosystem services tended to be inside protected areas; however, other important areas for ecosystem services (i.e., central highlands) do not have legal protection, revealing the importance of enforcing existing environmental regulations in these areas.
Keywords: ecosystem services; conservation prioritization; Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest; Marxan; habitat; carbon; water yield; soil retention ecosystem services; conservation prioritization; Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest; Marxan; habitat; carbon; water yield; soil retention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Izquierdo, A.E.; Clark, M.L. Spatial Analysis of Conservation Priorities Based on Ecosystem Services in the Atlantic Forest Region of Misiones, Argentina. Forests 2012, 3, 764-786.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert