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Fast Structural Alignment of Biomolecules Using a Hash Table, N-Grams and String Descriptors
Charité Medical University, Structural Bioinformatics Group, Arnimallee 22, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Graduate School: Genomics and Systems Biology of Molecular Networks, Invalidenstrasse 43, 10115 Berlin, Germany
International Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology in Warsaw, ul. Ks. Trojdena 4, 02-109 Warsaw, Poland
Laboratory of Bioinformatics, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Umultowska 89, 61-614 Poznan, Poland
Freie Universität Berlin, Algorithmische Bioinformatik, Institut für Informatik, Takustr. 9, 14195 Berlin, Germany
Zuse Institute Berlin, Dept. Computer Science, Takustrasse 7, 14195 Berlin, Germany
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 November 2008; in revised form: 8 April 2009 / Accepted: 9 April 2009 / Published: 21 April 2009
Abstract: This work presents a generalized approach for the fast structural alignment of thousands of macromolecular structures. The method uses string representations of a macromolecular structure and a hash table that stores n-grams of a certain size for searching. To this end, macromolecular structure-to-string translators were implemented for protein and RNA structures. A query against the index is performed in two hierarchical steps to unite speed and precision. In the first step the query structure is translated into n-grams, and all target structures containing these n-grams are retrieved from the hash table. In the second step all corresponding n-grams of the query and each target structure are subsequently aligned, and after each alignment a score is calculated based on the matching n-grams of query and target. The extendable framework enables the user to query and structurally align thousands of protein and RNA structures on a commodity machine and is available as open source from http://lajolla.sf.net.
Keywords: Structural alignment; protein; RNA; hash table; n-gram; torsion angles
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Bauer, R.A.; Rother, K.; Moor, P.; Reinert, K.; Steinke, T.; Bujnicki, J.M.; Preissner, R. Fast Structural Alignment of Biomolecules Using a Hash Table, N-Grams and String Descriptors. Algorithms 2009, 2, 692-709.
Bauer RA, Rother K, Moor P, Reinert K, Steinke T, Bujnicki JM, Preissner R. Fast Structural Alignment of Biomolecules Using a Hash Table, N-Grams and String Descriptors. Algorithms. 2009; 2(2):692-709.
Bauer, Raphael André; Rother, Kristian; Moor, Peter; Reinert, Knut; Steinke, Thomas; Bujnicki, Janusz M.; Preissner, Robert. 2009. "Fast Structural Alignment of Biomolecules Using a Hash Table, N-Grams and String Descriptors." Algorithms 2, no. 2: 692-709.