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Materials 2016, 9(6), 447; doi:10.3390/ma9060447

Bioinspired Materials for Water Purification

1
South Sweden Water Supply (Sydvatten AB), Skeppsgatan 19, Malmö SE-21119, Sweden
2
Sweden Water Research AB, Ideon Science Park, Scheelevägen 15, Lund SE-22370, Sweden
3
Department of Water Resources Engineering, Lund University, P.O. Box 118, Lund SE-22100, Sweden
4
Membrane Biophysics, Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, Copenhagen 2100, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frank A. Müller
Received: 30 April 2016 / Revised: 30 May 2016 / Accepted: 31 May 2016 / Published: 3 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioinspired and Biomimetic Materials)
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Abstract

Water scarcity issues associated with inadequate access to clean water and sanitation is a ubiquitous problem occurring globally. Addressing future challenges will require a combination of new technological development in water purification and environmental remediation technology with suitable conservation policies. In this scenario, new bioinspired materials will play a pivotal role in the development of more efficient and environmentally friendly solutions. The role of amphiphilic self-assembly on the fabrication of new biomimetic membranes for membrane separation like reverse osmosis is emphasized. Mesoporous support materials for semiconductor growth in the photocatalytic degradation of pollutants and new carriers for immobilization of bacteria in bioreactors are used in the removal and processing of different kind of water pollutants like heavy metals. Obstacles to improve and optimize the fabrication as well as a better understanding of their performance in small-scale and pilot purification systems need to be addressed. However, it is expected that these new biomimetic materials will find their way into the current water purification technologies to improve their purification/removal performance in a cost-effective and environmentally friendly way. View Full-Text
Keywords: water purification; environmental remediation; bioinspired materials; block copolymers; self-assembly; biomimetic membranes; mesoporous materials; liquid crystals; advanced oxidation processes; artificial biofilms; bioreactors water purification; environmental remediation; bioinspired materials; block copolymers; self-assembly; biomimetic membranes; mesoporous materials; liquid crystals; advanced oxidation processes; artificial biofilms; bioreactors
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gonzalez-Perez, A.; Persson, K.M. Bioinspired Materials for Water Purification. Materials 2016, 9, 447.

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