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Materials 2016, 9(6), 446; doi:10.3390/ma9060446

Methacrylate Polymer Monoliths for Separation Applications

1
Advanced Processing Technology Research Centre, Dublin City University, Collins Avenue, Dublin 9, Ireland
2
National Sensor Research Centre, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dominik Brühwiler
Received: 8 April 2016 / Revised: 10 May 2016 / Accepted: 20 May 2016 / Published: 3 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Porous Monolithic Materials for Applications in Separation Science)
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Abstract

This review summarizes the development of methacrylate-based polymer monoliths for separation science applications. An introduction to monoliths is presented, followed by the preparation methods and characteristics specific to methacrylate monoliths. Both traditional chemical based syntheses and emerging additive manufacturing methods are presented along with an analysis of the different types of functional groups, which have been utilized with methacrylate monoliths. The role of methacrylate based porous materials in separation science in industrially important chemical and biological separations are discussed, with particular attention given to the most recent developments and challenges associated with these materials. While these monoliths have been shown to be useful for a wide variety of applications, there is still scope for exerting better control over the porous architectures and chemistries obtained from the different fabrication routes. Conclusions regarding this previous work are drawn and an outlook towards future challenges and potential developments in this vibrant research area are presented. Discussed in particular are the potential of additive manufacturing for the preparation of monolithic structures with pre-defined multi-scale porous morphologies and for the optimization of surface reactive chemistries. View Full-Text
Keywords: monoliths; methacrylate; porous materials; stationary phase; chromatography; microfluidics; additive manufacturing monoliths; methacrylate; porous materials; stationary phase; chromatography; microfluidics; additive manufacturing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Groarke, R.J.; Brabazon, D. Methacrylate Polymer Monoliths for Separation Applications. Materials 2016, 9, 446.

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