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Materials 2015, 8(5), 2830-2848; doi:10.3390/ma8052830

Dissolution and Precipitation Behaviour during Continuous Heating of Al–Mg–Si Alloys in a Wide Range of Heating Rates

1
Chair of Materials Science, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Marine Technology, University of Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Str. 2, 18059 Rostock, Germany
2
Polymer Physics Group, Institute of Physics, University of Rostock, Wismarsche Str. 43-45, 18057 Rostock, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jung Ho Je
Received: 17 April 2015 / Accepted: 4 May 2015 / Published: 22 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1021 KB, uploaded 22 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

In the present study, the dissolution and precipitation behaviour of four different aluminium alloys (EN AW-6005A, EN AW-6082, EN AW-6016, and EN AW-6181) in four different initial heat treatment conditions (T4, T6, overaged, and soft annealed) was investigated during heating in a wide dynamic range. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to record heating curves between 20 and 600 °C. Heating rates were studied from 0.01 K/s to 5 K/s. We paid particular attention to control baseline stability, generating flat baselines and allowing accurate quantitative evaluation of the resulting DSC curves. As the heating rate increases, the individual dissolution and precipitation reactions shift to higher temperatures. The reactions during heating are significantly superimposed and partially run simultaneously. In addition, precipitation and dissolution reactions are increasingly suppressed as the heating rate increases, whereby exothermic precipitation reactions are suppressed earlier than endothermic dissolution reactions. Integrating the heating curves allowed the enthalpy levels of the different initial microstructural conditions to be quantified. Referring to time–temperature–austenitisation diagrams for steels, continuous heating dissolution diagrams for aluminium alloys were constructed to summarise the results in graphical form. These diagrams may support process optimisation in heat treatment shops. View Full-Text
Keywords: continuous heating; differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); aluminium alloys; Al–Mg–Si; sheet; dissolution; precipitation; enthalpy change continuous heating; differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); aluminium alloys; Al–Mg–Si; sheet; dissolution; precipitation; enthalpy change
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Osten, J.; Milkereit, B.; Schick, C.; Kessler, O. Dissolution and Precipitation Behaviour during Continuous Heating of Al–Mg–Si Alloys in a Wide Range of Heating Rates. Materials 2015, 8, 2830-2848.

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