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Materials 2015, 8(10), 6806-6848; doi:10.3390/ma8105343

Polymer/Carbon-Based Hybrid Aerogels: Preparation, Properties and Applications

1
State Key Laboratory of Molecular Engineering of Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Science, Fudan University, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai 200433, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Donghua University, 2999 North Renmin Road, Shanghai 201620, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Biqiong Chen
Received: 25 August 2015 / Revised: 20 September 2015 / Accepted: 28 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Nanocomposites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7343 KB, uploaded 9 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

Aerogels are synthetic porous materials derived from sol-gel materials in which the liquid component has been replaced with gas to leave intact solid nanostructures without pore collapse. Recently, aerogels based on natural or synthetic polymers, called polymer or organic aerogels, have been widely explored due to their porous structures and unique properties, such as high specific surface area, low density, low thermal conductivity and dielectric constant. This paper gives a comprehensive review about the most recent progresses in preparation, structures and properties of polymer and their derived carbon-based aerogels, as well as their potential applications in various fields including energy storage, adsorption, thermal insulation and flame retardancy. To facilitate further research and development, the technical challenges are discussed, and several future research directions are also suggested in this review. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer aerogels; carbon aerogels; hybrids; porous; three-dimensional network polymer aerogels; carbon aerogels; hybrids; porous; three-dimensional network
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zuo, L.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, L.; Miao, Y.-E.; Fan, W.; Liu, T. Polymer/Carbon-Based Hybrid Aerogels: Preparation, Properties and Applications. Materials 2015, 8, 6806-6848.

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