Next Article in Journal
Synthesis of MgB2 at Low Temperature and Autogenous Pressure
Next Article in Special Issue
Antimicrobial Activity of Chitosan-Carbon Nanotube Hydrogels
Previous Article in Journal
CO2 Capture and Separation Properties in the Ionic Liquid 1-n-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Nonafluorobutylsulfonate
Previous Article in Special Issue
Smart Polymer/Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites and Their Electrorheological Response
Materials 2014, 7(5), 3881-3900; doi:10.3390/ma7053881
Review

Functional Films from Silica/Polymer Nanoparticles

,
 and *
CQFM—Centro de Química-Física Molecular and IN—Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 April 2014 / Revised: 7 May 2014 / Accepted: 7 May 2014 / Published: 15 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposites of Polymers and Inorganic Particles 2013)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1342 KB, uploaded 15 May 2014]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

High performance functional coatings, based on hybrid organic/inorganic materials, are being developed to combine the polymer flexibility and ease of processing with the mechanical properties and versatility of inorganic materials. By incorporating silica nanoparticles (SiNPs) in the polymeric matrices, it is possible to obtain hybrid polymer films with increased tensile strength and impact resistance, without decreasing the flexural properties of the polymer matrix. The SiNPs can further be used as carriers to impart other functionalities (optical, etc.) to the hybrid films. By using polymer-coated SiNPs, it is possible to reduce particle aggregation in the films and, thus, achieve more homogeneous distributions of the inorganic components and, therefore, better properties. On the other hand, by coating polymer particles with silica, one can create hierarchically structured materials, for example to obtain superhydrophobic coatings. In this review, we will cover the latest developments in films prepared from hybrid polymer/silica functional systems.
Keywords: silica-polymer nanoparticles; functional coatings; hybrid films; coupling agents; film formation silica-polymer nanoparticles; functional coatings; hybrid films; coupling agents; film formation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Ribeiro, T.; Baleizão, C.; Farinha, J.P.S. Functional Films from Silica/Polymer Nanoparticles. Materials 2014, 7, 3881-3900.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert