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Materials 2014, 7(5), 3867-3880; doi:10.3390/ma7053867
Article

CO2 Capture and Separation Properties in the Ionic Liquid 1-n-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Nonafluorobutylsulfonate

1,2
, 1,*  and 1
Received: 4 April 2014; in revised form: 4 May 2014 / Accepted: 5 May 2014 / Published: 14 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Materials for Energy Applications)
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Abstract: Recently, the use of ionic liquids (ILs) for carbon capture and separation processes has gained great interest by many researchers due to the high solubility of CO2 in ILs. In the present work, solubility measurements of CO2 in the novel IL 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium nonafluorobutylsulfonate [C4mim][CF3CF2CF2CF2SO3] were performed with a high-pressure view-cell technique in the temperature range from 293.15 to 343.15 K and pressures up to about 4.2 MPa. For comparison, solubilities of H2, N2, and O2 in the IL were also measured at 323.15 K via the same procedure. The Krichevsky-Kasarnovsky equation was employed to correlate the measured solubility data. Henry’s law constants, enthalpies, and entropies of absorption for CO2 in the IL were also determined and presented. The CO2 solubility in this IL was compared with other ILs sharing the same cation. It was shown that the solubility of CO2 in these ILs follows the sequence: [C4mim][CF3CF2CF2CF2SO3] ≈ [C4mim][Tf2N] > [C4mim][CF3CF2CF2COO] > [C4mim][BF4], and the solubility selectivity of CO2 relative to O2, N2, and H2 in [C4mim][CF3CF2CF2CF2SO3] was 8, 16, and 22, respectively. Furthermore, this IL is regenerable and exhibits good stability. Therefore, the IL reported here would be a promising sorbent for CO2.
Keywords: carbon capture; selectivity; ionic liquid; Krichevsky-Kasarnovsky equation; 1-n-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium nonafluorobutylsulfonate carbon capture; selectivity; ionic liquid; Krichevsky-Kasarnovsky equation; 1-n-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium nonafluorobutylsulfonate
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhou, L.; Fan, J.; Shang, X. CO2 Capture and Separation Properties in the Ionic Liquid 1-n-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Nonafluorobutylsulfonate. Materials 2014, 7, 3867-3880.

AMA Style

Zhou L, Fan J, Shang X. CO2 Capture and Separation Properties in the Ionic Liquid 1-n-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Nonafluorobutylsulfonate. Materials. 2014; 7(5):3867-3880.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhou, Lingyun; Fan, Jing; Shang, Xiaomin. 2014. "CO2 Capture and Separation Properties in the Ionic Liquid 1-n-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Nonafluorobutylsulfonate." Materials 7, no. 5: 3867-3880.


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