Materials 2014, 7(4), 2697-2746; doi:10.3390/ma7042697
Review

Versatility of Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly (EISA) Method for Preparation of Mesoporous TiO2 for Energy and Environmental Applications

 and *
Received: 30 December 2013; in revised form: 25 February 2014 / Accepted: 24 March 2014 / Published: 31 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Functional Hybrid Materials)
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Abstract: Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly (EISA) method for the preparation of mesoporous titanium dioxide materials is reviewed. The versatility of EISA method for the rapid and facile synthesis of TiO2 thin films and powders is highlighted. Non-ionic surfactants such as Pluronic P123, F127 and cationic surfactants such as cetyltrimethylammonium bromide have been extensively employed for the preparation of mesoporous TiO2. In particular, EISA method allows for fabrication of highly uniform, robust, crack-free films with controllable thickness. Eleven characterization techniques for elucidating the structure of the EISA prepared mesoporous TiO2 are discussed in this paper. These many characterization methods provide a holistic picture of the structure of mesoporous TiO2. Mesoporous titanium dioxide materials have been employed in several applications that include Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs), photocatalytic degradation of organics and splitting of water, and batteries.
Keywords: mesoporous titanium dioxide; evaporation-induced self-assembly; non-ionic surfactants; cationic surfactants; dye sensitized solar cells; photocatalytic degradation; water splitting; batteries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mahoney, L.; Koodali, R.T. Versatility of Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly (EISA) Method for Preparation of Mesoporous TiO2 for Energy and Environmental Applications. Materials 2014, 7, 2697-2746.

AMA Style

Mahoney L, Koodali RT. Versatility of Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly (EISA) Method for Preparation of Mesoporous TiO2 for Energy and Environmental Applications. Materials. 2014; 7(4):2697-2746.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahoney, Luther; Koodali, Ranjit T. 2014. "Versatility of Evaporation-Induced Self-Assembly (EISA) Method for Preparation of Mesoporous TiO2 for Energy and Environmental Applications." Materials 7, no. 4: 2697-2746.


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