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Materials 2013, 6(6), 2543-2577; doi:10.3390/ma6062543
Review

Structural Polymer-Based Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers: Understanding the Processing–Structure–Performance Relationship

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Received: 2 May 2013; in revised form: 21 May 2013 / Accepted: 6 June 2013 / Published: 20 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanotubes)
Download PDF [2476 KB, updated 24 June 2013; original version uploaded 20 June 2013]
Abstract: Among the many potential applications of carbon nanotubes (CNT), its usage to strengthen polymers has been paid considerable attention due to the exceptional stiffness, excellent strength, and the low density of CNT. This has provided numerous opportunities for the invention of new material systems for applications requiring high strength and high modulus. Precise control over processing factors, including preserving intact CNT structure, uniform dispersion of CNT within the polymer matrix, effective filler–matrix interfacial interactions, and alignment/orientation of polymer chains/CNT, contribute to the composite fibers’ superior properties. For this reason, fabrication methods play an important role in determining the composite fibers’ microstructure and ultimate mechanical behavior. The current state-of-the-art polymer/CNT high-performance composite fibers, especially in regards to processing–structure–performance, are reviewed in this contribution. Future needs for material by design approaches for processing these nano-composite systems are also discussed.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; polymer; mechanical properties; preparation; synthesis; dispersion; interphase; alignment; applications carbon nanotubes; polymer; mechanical properties; preparation; synthesis; dispersion; interphase; alignment; applications
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, K.; Zhang, Y.; Meng, J.; Green, E.C.; Tajaddod, N.; Li, H.; Minus, M.L. Structural Polymer-Based Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers: Understanding the Processing–Structure–Performance Relationship. Materials 2013, 6, 2543-2577.

AMA Style

Song K, Zhang Y, Meng J, Green EC, Tajaddod N, Li H, Minus ML. Structural Polymer-Based Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers: Understanding the Processing–Structure–Performance Relationship. Materials. 2013; 6(6):2543-2577.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Kenan; Zhang, Yiying; Meng, Jiangsha; Green, Emily C.; Tajaddod, Navid; Li, Heng; Minus, Marilyn L. 2013. "Structural Polymer-Based Carbon Nanotube Composite Fibers: Understanding the Processing–Structure–Performance Relationship." Materials 6, no. 6: 2543-2577.


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