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Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source
Laboratorio Nacional de Nanotecnología, Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados, S.C., Miguel de Cervantes 120, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, 31109 Chihuahua, Chih., Mexico
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Received: 19 April 2013; in revised form: 4 June 2013 / Accepted: 9 June 2013 / Published: 20 June 2013
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes with single and few walls are highly appreciated for their technological applications, regardless of the limited availability due to their high production cost. In this paper we present an alternative process that can lead to lowering the manufacturing cost of CNTs of only few walls by means of the use of the spray pyrolysis technique. For this purpose, ferrocene is utilized as a catalyst and aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol or butanol) as the carbon source. The characterization of CNTs was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The study of the synthesized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) show important differences in the number of layers that constitute the nanotubes, the diameter length, the quantity and the quality as a function of the number of carbons employed in the alcohol. The main interest of this study is to give the basis of an efficient synthesis process to produce CNTs of few walls for applications where small diameter is required.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes (CNT); aliphatic alcohols; spray pyrolysis
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ordoñez-Casanova, E.G.; Román-Aguirre, M.; Aguilar-Elguezabal, A.; Espinosa-Magaña, F. Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source. Materials 2013, 6, 2534-2542.
Ordoñez-Casanova EG, Román-Aguirre M, Aguilar-Elguezabal A, Espinosa-Magaña F. Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source. Materials. 2013; 6(6):2534-2542.
Ordoñez-Casanova, Elsa G.; Román-Aguirre, Manuel; Aguilar-Elguezabal, Alfredo; Espinosa-Magaña, Francisco. 2013. "Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source." Materials 6, no. 6: 2534-2542.