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Materials 2013, 6(6), 2534-2542; doi:10.3390/ma6062534
Article

Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source

, ,  and *
Received: 19 April 2013; in revised form: 4 June 2013 / Accepted: 9 June 2013 / Published: 20 June 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanotubes)
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Abstract: Carbon nanotubes with single and few walls are highly appreciated for their technological applications, regardless of the limited availability due to their high production cost. In this paper we present an alternative process that can lead to lowering the manufacturing cost of CNTs of only few walls by means of the use of the spray pyrolysis technique. For this purpose, ferrocene is utilized as a catalyst and aliphatic alcohols (methanol, ethanol, propanol or butanol) as the carbon source. The characterization of CNTs was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The study of the synthesized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) show important differences in the number of layers that constitute the nanotubes, the diameter length, the quantity and the quality as a function of the number of carbons employed in the alcohol. The main interest of this study is to give the basis of an efficient synthesis process to produce CNTs of few walls for applications where small diameter is required.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes (CNT); aliphatic alcohols; spray pyrolysis carbon nanotubes (CNT); aliphatic alcohols; spray pyrolysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ordoñez-Casanova, E.G.; Román-Aguirre, M.; Aguilar-Elguezabal, A.; Espinosa-Magaña, F. Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source. Materials 2013, 6, 2534-2542.

AMA Style

Ordoñez-Casanova EG, Román-Aguirre M, Aguilar-Elguezabal A, Espinosa-Magaña F. Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source. Materials. 2013; 6(6):2534-2542.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ordoñez-Casanova, Elsa G.; Román-Aguirre, Manuel; Aguilar-Elguezabal, Alfredo; Espinosa-Magaña, Francisco. 2013. "Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes of Few Walls Using Aliphatic Alcohols as a Carbon Source." Materials 6, no. 6: 2534-2542.


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