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Materials 2013, 6(3), 1138-1158; doi:10.3390/ma6031138

Applications of Carbon Nanotubes for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes

Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 February 2013 / Revised: 18 March 2013 / Accepted: 18 March 2013 / Published: 21 March 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanotubes)
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Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have displayed great potential as anode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) due to their unique structural, mechanical, and electrical properties. The measured reversible lithium ion capacities of CNT-based anodes are considerably improved compared to the conventional graphite-based anodes. Additionally, the opened structure and enriched chirality of CNTs can help to improve the capacity and electrical transport in CNT-based LIBs. Therefore, the modification of CNTs and design of CNT structure provide strategies for improving the performance of CNT-based anodes. CNTs could also be assembled into free-standing electrodes without any binder or current collector, which will lead to increased specific energy density for the overall battery design. In this review, we discuss the mechanism of lithium ion intercalation and diffusion in CNTs, and the influence of different structures and morphologies on their performance as anode materials for LIBs.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; anode; lithium-ion battery; morphology carbon nanotubes; anode; lithium-ion battery; morphology
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Xiong, Z.; Yun, Y.S.; Jin, H.-J. Applications of Carbon Nanotubes for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes. Materials 2013, 6, 1138-1158.

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