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Applications of Carbon Nanotubes for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes
Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 February 2013; in revised form: 18 March 2013 / Accepted: 18 March 2013 / Published: 21 March 2013
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have displayed great potential as anode materials for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) due to their unique structural, mechanical, and electrical properties. The measured reversible lithium ion capacities of CNT-based anodes are considerably improved compared to the conventional graphite-based anodes. Additionally, the opened structure and enriched chirality of CNTs can help to improve the capacity and electrical transport in CNT-based LIBs. Therefore, the modification of CNTs and design of CNT structure provide strategies for improving the performance of CNT-based anodes. CNTs could also be assembled into free-standing electrodes without any binder or current collector, which will lead to increased specific energy density for the overall battery design. In this review, we discuss the mechanism of lithium ion intercalation and diffusion in CNTs, and the influence of different structures and morphologies on their performance as anode materials for LIBs.
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; anode; lithium-ion battery; morphology
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MDPI and ACS Style
Xiong, Z.; Yun, Y.S.; Jin, H.-J. Applications of Carbon Nanotubes for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes. Materials 2013, 6, 1138-1158.
Xiong Z, Yun YS, Jin H-J. Applications of Carbon Nanotubes for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes. Materials. 2013; 6(3):1138-1158.
Xiong, Zhili; Yun, Young S.; Jin, Hyoung-Joon. 2013. "Applications of Carbon Nanotubes for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes." Materials 6, no. 3: 1138-1158.