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Microstructure of Haynes® 282® Superalloy after Vacuum Induction Melting and Investment Casting of Thin-Walled Components
Functional Materials Research Center, Warsaw University of Technology, Woloska 141, Warsaw 02-507, Poland
Faculty of Materials Science and Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Woloska 141, Warsaw 02-507, Poland
Guest, Keen and Nettlefolds (GKN) Aerospace Engine Systems Sweden, Trollhättan S-46181, Sweden
Department of Engineering Science, University West, Trollhättan 46186, Sweden
Department of Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden
Wytwornia Sprzetu Komunikacyjnego, "Polskie Zaklady Lotnicze Rzeszow" S.A., Hetmanska 120, Rzeszow 35-078, Poland
Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kasprzaka 44/52, Warsaw 01-224, Poland
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, Rzeszow University of Technology, Al. Powstancow Warszawy 8, Rzeszow 35-959, Poland
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2013; in revised form: 10 October 2013 / Accepted: 17 October 2013 / Published: 1 November 2013
Abstract: The aim of this work was to characterize the microstructure of the as-cast Haynes® 282® alloy. Observations and analyses were carried out using techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), light microscopy (LM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), wave length dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (WDS), auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and electron energy-loss spectrometry (EELS). The phases identified in the as-cast alloy include: γ (gamma matrix), γʹ (matrix strengthening phase), (TiMoCr)C (primary carbide), TiN (primary nitride), σ (sigma-TCP phase), (TiMo)2SC (carbosulphide) and a lamellar constituent consisting of molybdenum and chromium rich secondary carbide phase together with γ phase. Within the dendrites the γʹ appears mostly in the form of spherical, nanometric precipitates (74 nm), while coarser (113 nm) cubic γʹ precipitates are present in the interdendritic areas. Volume fraction content of the γʹ precipitates in the dendrites and interdendritic areas are 9.6% and 8.5%, respectively. Primary nitrides metallic nitrides (MN), are homogeneously dispersed in the as-cast microstructure, while primary carbides metallic carbides (MC), preferentially precipitate in interdendritic areas. Such preference is also observed in the case of globular σ phase. Lamellar constituents characterized as secondary carbides/γ phases were together with (TiMo)2SC phase always observed adjacent to σ phase precipitates. Crystallographic relations were established in-between the MC, σ, secondary carbides and γ/γʹ matrix.
Keywords: Haynes® 282®; vacuum induction melting; investment casting; superalloy; microstructure
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Matysiak, H.; Zagorska, M.; Andersson, J.; Balkowiec, A.; Cygan, R.; Rasinski, M.; Pisarek, M.; Andrzejczuk, M.; Kubiak, K.; Kurzydlowski, K.J. Microstructure of Haynes® 282® Superalloy after Vacuum Induction Melting and Investment Casting of Thin-Walled Components. Materials 2013, 6, 5016-5037.
Matysiak H, Zagorska M, Andersson J, Balkowiec A, Cygan R, Rasinski M, Pisarek M, Andrzejczuk M, Kubiak K, Kurzydlowski KJ. Microstructure of Haynes® 282® Superalloy after Vacuum Induction Melting and Investment Casting of Thin-Walled Components. Materials. 2013; 6(11):5016-5037.
Matysiak, Hubert; Zagorska, Malgorzata; Andersson, Joel; Balkowiec, Alicja; Cygan, Rafal; Rasinski, Marcin; Pisarek, Marcin; Andrzejczuk, Mariusz; Kubiak, Krzysztof; Kurzydlowski, Krzysztof J. 2013. "Microstructure of Haynes® 282® Superalloy after Vacuum Induction Melting and Investment Casting of Thin-Walled Components." Materials 6, no. 11: 5016-5037.